The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the feasibility of movement compensation for CO2 coronary angiography. The use of CO2 as a contrast medium for coronary angiography in a routine clinical setting is still premature. Nonetheless, the gas can solve most of the problems related to iodine contrast-induced nephropathy and can be safely used for patients with renal insufficiency. In a previous work [I. Corazza et al., AIP Adv. 8(1), 015225 (2018)], we demonstrated that an adequate setting of the CO2 injection parameters (pressures and volumes) allows gas injection into the coronaries, avoiding reflux into the aorta and cerebral circulation. A mechanical mock simulating coronary circulation and movement was used to simulate different CO2 injection conditions. Simultaneous acquisition of ECG and optical images allowed synchronous frame extraction for post-processing analysis, like masking and stacking processes. A single test with a radiological apparatus was done to demonstrate the feasibility of the technique. By injecting CO2 at a pressure between the dicrotic notch and diastolic value, no reflux into the aorta was observed and the new software yielded final optical images of clinical quality after about 8 seconds of injection. The feasibility test under the X-ray apparatus gave promising results. CO2 coronary angiography is still far from becoming a clinical standard, but our bench evaluation demonstrates that if the injection parameters are well-controlled and physiological values known, CO2 can be used as a contrast agent not only for the lower part of the body, but also for the coronary arteries, respecting basic safety standards.

Movement compensation during carbon dioxide coronary angiography: In-vitro validation

Corazza, Ivan
Investigation
;
Sapignoli, Sonia
Formal Analysis
;
Rossi, Pier Luca
Software
;
Lombi, Alessandro
Software
;
Taglieri, Nevio
Resources
;
Zannoli, Romano
Project Administration
2018

Abstract

The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the feasibility of movement compensation for CO2 coronary angiography. The use of CO2 as a contrast medium for coronary angiography in a routine clinical setting is still premature. Nonetheless, the gas can solve most of the problems related to iodine contrast-induced nephropathy and can be safely used for patients with renal insufficiency. In a previous work [I. Corazza et al., AIP Adv. 8(1), 015225 (2018)], we demonstrated that an adequate setting of the CO2 injection parameters (pressures and volumes) allows gas injection into the coronaries, avoiding reflux into the aorta and cerebral circulation. A mechanical mock simulating coronary circulation and movement was used to simulate different CO2 injection conditions. Simultaneous acquisition of ECG and optical images allowed synchronous frame extraction for post-processing analysis, like masking and stacking processes. A single test with a radiological apparatus was done to demonstrate the feasibility of the technique. By injecting CO2 at a pressure between the dicrotic notch and diastolic value, no reflux into the aorta was observed and the new software yielded final optical images of clinical quality after about 8 seconds of injection. The feasibility test under the X-ray apparatus gave promising results. CO2 coronary angiography is still far from becoming a clinical standard, but our bench evaluation demonstrates that if the injection parameters are well-controlled and physiological values known, CO2 can be used as a contrast agent not only for the lower part of the body, but also for the coronary arteries, respecting basic safety standards.
Corazza, Ivan; Sapignoli, Sonia; Rossi, Pier Luca; Lombi, Alessandro; Pirazzini, Edoardo; Taglieri, Nevio; Caridi, James G.; Zannoli, Romano
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
coronarie in movimento 2018-aip advances.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipo: Versione (PDF) editoriale
Licenza: Licenza per Accesso Aperto. Creative Commons Attribuzione (CCBY)
Dimensione 2.24 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.24 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/643806
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact