Background: Clinical trials have shown a good efficacy of the “three-in-one” formulation of bismuth quadruple therapy (BQT) for Helicobacter (H.) pylori eradication. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of the three-in-one BQT in clinical practice, and investigate the effect of probiotic supplementation, in Italy. Materials and Methods: A retrospective database, multicentre observational study was conducted in seven Italian Hospitals. Consecutive H. pylori-positive patients who received the three-in-one BQT for 10 days were included in the analysis. H. pylori eradication was assessed by histology,13C-urea breath test, or stool antigen test. Compliance and adverse events were evaluated by interview. Results: A total of 376 patients were included in the intention-to-treat (ITT) and 352 in the per protocol (PP) analyses. One hundred and ninety-three subjects received probiotics supplementation. Overall, eradication rates were 90.2% (95% Confidence Interval (CI):86.7-93.0) in ITT and 94.6% (95% CI: 91.7-96.7) in PP analyses. The compliance was good (≥90% of treatment taken) in 94.9% of patients. The proportion of patients with a good compliance was not different with and without probiotics supplementation (94.8% vs 95.1%). Eradication rates were equally high for first-line (91.4%), second-line (87.5%), and third-line treatments (91.7%) in the ITT analysis (P =.48). Adverse events were reported by 32.4% of patients, but only 6.1% of patients discontinued treatment. Conclusions: The three-in-one BQT is highly effective and well tolerated for H. pylori eradication in daily clinical practice. Probiotics supplementation fails to improve compliance.

The “three-in-one” formulation of bismuth quadruple therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication with or without probiotics supplementation: Efficacy and safety in daily clinical practice

Zagari, Rocco Maurizio
;
ROMITI, ALESSANDRA;Grande, Giuseppe;Eusebi, Leonardo Henry;Bazzoli, Franco;Romano, Marco
2018

Abstract

Background: Clinical trials have shown a good efficacy of the “three-in-one” formulation of bismuth quadruple therapy (BQT) for Helicobacter (H.) pylori eradication. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of the three-in-one BQT in clinical practice, and investigate the effect of probiotic supplementation, in Italy. Materials and Methods: A retrospective database, multicentre observational study was conducted in seven Italian Hospitals. Consecutive H. pylori-positive patients who received the three-in-one BQT for 10 days were included in the analysis. H. pylori eradication was assessed by histology,13C-urea breath test, or stool antigen test. Compliance and adverse events were evaluated by interview. Results: A total of 376 patients were included in the intention-to-treat (ITT) and 352 in the per protocol (PP) analyses. One hundred and ninety-three subjects received probiotics supplementation. Overall, eradication rates were 90.2% (95% Confidence Interval (CI):86.7-93.0) in ITT and 94.6% (95% CI: 91.7-96.7) in PP analyses. The compliance was good (≥90% of treatment taken) in 94.9% of patients. The proportion of patients with a good compliance was not different with and without probiotics supplementation (94.8% vs 95.1%). Eradication rates were equally high for first-line (91.4%), second-line (87.5%), and third-line treatments (91.7%) in the ITT analysis (P =.48). Adverse events were reported by 32.4% of patients, but only 6.1% of patients discontinued treatment. Conclusions: The three-in-one BQT is highly effective and well tolerated for H. pylori eradication in daily clinical practice. Probiotics supplementation fails to improve compliance.
Zagari, Rocco Maurizio*; Romiti, Alessandra; Ierardi, Enzo; Gravina, Antonietta G.; Panarese, Alba; Grande, Giuseppe; Savarino, Edoardo; Maconi, Giovanni; Stasi, Elisa; Eusebi, Leonardo Henry; Farinati, Fabio; Conigliaro, Rita; Bazzoli, Franco; Romano, Marco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/639274
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