The Southern festoon, Zerynthia polyxena, is a south-European butterfly listed in Annex IV of the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC). Populations from most of the Italian territory have been recently recognized as belonging to a separate species, endemic to Italy: Zerynthia cassandra. In the province of Bologna (northern Italy), Z. cassandra is quite common. The territory of the province is densely inhabited and modified by man. Semi-natural environments are found almost exclusively in the hills, while the plain is almost entirely built-upon or cultivated. This study was based on data collected in the field in the province of Bologna, and aimed to investigate some biological and ecological aspects of Z. cassandra, with the purpose of identifying the factors that favour its presence and the most relevant issues for its conservation. In the area of study, the hostplant of Z. cassandra is Aristolochia rotunda, which is common in the plain, along the edges of drainage canals, where it supports a large Z. cassandra population. In the hills, A. rotunda is scarcer, and Z. cassandra is present in small separated nodes. Human activities such as mowing and canal maintenance are potentially damaging to Z. cassandra, particularly if carried out when eggs and larvae are present. However, if correctly timed and executed, such maintenance can preserve grassy areas that would otherwise be colonized by bushes and trees, and in which A. rotunda finds a suitable environment. Some level of disturbance can be beneficial for Z. cassandra habitats, favouring the species’ survival in the long term.

Biology and conservation of Zerynthia cassandra (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) in semi-natural environments and agricultural landscapes / Ghesini, Silvia; Magagnoli, Serena; Marini, Mario*. - In: JOURNAL OF INSECT CONSERVATION. - ISSN 1366-638X. - STAMPA. - 22:1(2018), pp. 151-161. [10.1007/s10841-018-0049-9]

Biology and conservation of Zerynthia cassandra (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) in semi-natural environments and agricultural landscapes

Ghesini, Silvia;Magagnoli, Serena;Marini, Mario
2018

Abstract

The Southern festoon, Zerynthia polyxena, is a south-European butterfly listed in Annex IV of the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC). Populations from most of the Italian territory have been recently recognized as belonging to a separate species, endemic to Italy: Zerynthia cassandra. In the province of Bologna (northern Italy), Z. cassandra is quite common. The territory of the province is densely inhabited and modified by man. Semi-natural environments are found almost exclusively in the hills, while the plain is almost entirely built-upon or cultivated. This study was based on data collected in the field in the province of Bologna, and aimed to investigate some biological and ecological aspects of Z. cassandra, with the purpose of identifying the factors that favour its presence and the most relevant issues for its conservation. In the area of study, the hostplant of Z. cassandra is Aristolochia rotunda, which is common in the plain, along the edges of drainage canals, where it supports a large Z. cassandra population. In the hills, A. rotunda is scarcer, and Z. cassandra is present in small separated nodes. Human activities such as mowing and canal maintenance are potentially damaging to Z. cassandra, particularly if carried out when eggs and larvae are present. However, if correctly timed and executed, such maintenance can preserve grassy areas that would otherwise be colonized by bushes and trees, and in which A. rotunda finds a suitable environment. Some level of disturbance can be beneficial for Z. cassandra habitats, favouring the species’ survival in the long term.
2018
Biology and conservation of Zerynthia cassandra (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) in semi-natural environments and agricultural landscapes / Ghesini, Silvia; Magagnoli, Serena; Marini, Mario*. - In: JOURNAL OF INSECT CONSERVATION. - ISSN 1366-638X. - STAMPA. - 22:1(2018), pp. 151-161. [10.1007/s10841-018-0049-9]
Ghesini, Silvia; Magagnoli, Serena; Marini, Mario*
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/635538
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