The development of new biomaterials able to favor bone formation and to inhibit bone abnormal resorption is mandatory to face the increasing number of age-related musculo-skeletal disorders. Moreover, the increasing antibiotic resistance of clinically important bacteria, which is among the main causes of implant failure, requires new antimicrobial systems. In this study, we prepared multifunctional materials consisting of hydroxyapatite-zoledronate composite crystals decorated with Ag Nanoparticles (AgNPs). Zoledronate, a potent bisphosphonate widely applied for the treatment of pathologies associated to abnormal bone loss, was incorporated into hydroxyapatite up to about 8 wt%. Loading of poly(ethylenimine) - stabilized AgNPs onto the crystals was promoted by zoledronate functionalization and provoked a significant variation of the values of zeta potential. The results of in vitro tests demonstrate that the multifunctional materials combine the beneficial actions of zoledronate and AgNPs. In fact, they improve osteoblast differentiation and activity, whereas they inhibit osteoclastogenesis and osteoclast differentiation, and significantly hinder the growth of multi-drug resistant Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria. As a consequence, they can be exploited both as antiresorptive agents and as antimicrobial materials able to prevent the development of bone-associated infections.

A new multifunctionalized material against multi-drug resistant bacteria and abnormal osteoclast activity

Boanini, Elisa
;
Bonvicini, Francesca
;
Cassani, Maria Cristina;Gentilomi, Giovanna Angela;Bigi, Adriana
2018

Abstract

The development of new biomaterials able to favor bone formation and to inhibit bone abnormal resorption is mandatory to face the increasing number of age-related musculo-skeletal disorders. Moreover, the increasing antibiotic resistance of clinically important bacteria, which is among the main causes of implant failure, requires new antimicrobial systems. In this study, we prepared multifunctional materials consisting of hydroxyapatite-zoledronate composite crystals decorated with Ag Nanoparticles (AgNPs). Zoledronate, a potent bisphosphonate widely applied for the treatment of pathologies associated to abnormal bone loss, was incorporated into hydroxyapatite up to about 8 wt%. Loading of poly(ethylenimine) - stabilized AgNPs onto the crystals was promoted by zoledronate functionalization and provoked a significant variation of the values of zeta potential. The results of in vitro tests demonstrate that the multifunctional materials combine the beneficial actions of zoledronate and AgNPs. In fact, they improve osteoblast differentiation and activity, whereas they inhibit osteoclastogenesis and osteoclast differentiation, and significantly hinder the growth of multi-drug resistant Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria. As a consequence, they can be exploited both as antiresorptive agents and as antimicrobial materials able to prevent the development of bone-associated infections.
2018
Boanini, Elisa*; Torricelli, Paola; Bonvicini, Francesca; Cassani, Maria Cristina; Fini, Milena; Gentilomi, Giovanna Angela; Bigi, Adriana
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/632858
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