To prevent soiling of marble exposed outdoors, the use of TiO2nano-particles has been proposed in the literature by two main routes, both raising durability issues: (i) direct application to marble surface, with the risk of particle leaching by rainfall; (ii) particle incorporation into inorganic or organic coatings, with the risk of organic coating degradation catalyzed by TiO2photoactivity. Here, we investigated the combination of nano-TiO2and hydroxyapatite (HAP), previously developed for marble protection against dissolution in rain and mechanical consolidation. HAP-TiO2combination was investigated by two routes: (i) sequential application of HAP followed by nano-TiO2("H+T"); (ii) simultaneous application by introducing nano-TiO2into the phosphate solution used to form HAP ("HT"). The self-cleaning ability was evaluated before and after prolonged exposure to simulated rain. "H+T" and "HT" coatings exhibited much better resistance to nano-TiO2leaching by rain, compared to TiO2alone. In "H+T" samples, TiO2nano-particles adhere better to HAP (having flower-like morphology and high specific surface area) than to marble. In "HT" samples, thanks to chemical bonds between nano-TiO2and HAP, the particles are firmly incorporated in the HAP coating, which protects them from leaching by rain, without diminishing their photoactivity and without being degraded by them.

Durable self-cleaning coatings for architectural surfaces by incorporation of TiO2nano-particles into hydroxyapatite films

Sassoni, Enrico
;
D'Amen, Eros;Roveri, Norberto;Scherer, George W.;Franzoni, Elisa
2018

Abstract

To prevent soiling of marble exposed outdoors, the use of TiO2nano-particles has been proposed in the literature by two main routes, both raising durability issues: (i) direct application to marble surface, with the risk of particle leaching by rainfall; (ii) particle incorporation into inorganic or organic coatings, with the risk of organic coating degradation catalyzed by TiO2photoactivity. Here, we investigated the combination of nano-TiO2and hydroxyapatite (HAP), previously developed for marble protection against dissolution in rain and mechanical consolidation. HAP-TiO2combination was investigated by two routes: (i) sequential application of HAP followed by nano-TiO2("H+T"); (ii) simultaneous application by introducing nano-TiO2into the phosphate solution used to form HAP ("HT"). The self-cleaning ability was evaluated before and after prolonged exposure to simulated rain. "H+T" and "HT" coatings exhibited much better resistance to nano-TiO2leaching by rain, compared to TiO2alone. In "H+T" samples, TiO2nano-particles adhere better to HAP (having flower-like morphology and high specific surface area) than to marble. In "HT" samples, thanks to chemical bonds between nano-TiO2and HAP, the particles are firmly incorporated in the HAP coating, which protects them from leaching by rain, without diminishing their photoactivity and without being degraded by them.
Sassoni, Enrico*; D'Amen, Eros; Roveri, Norberto; Scherer, George W.; Franzoni, Elisa
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/628257
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