A search for long distance correlations between individual Extensive Air Showers (EAS) detected by pairs of MRPC telescopes of the Extreme Energy Events (EEE) network was carried out. The search for an anomaly in these events is the purpose of our work. A dataset obtained by all the possible 45 pairs between 10 EEE cluster sites (hosting at least two telescopes), located at relative distances between 86 and 1200km, was analyzed, corresponding to an overall period of 3968 days time exposure. To estimate the possible event excess with respect to the spurious rate, the number of coincidence events was extracted as a function of the time difference between the arrival of the showers in the two sites, from ± 10 s to the smallest time interval where events are still observed. The analysis was done taking into account both the time and orientation correlation between the showers detected by the telescope pairs. A few candidate events with unusually small time difference and angular distance were observed, with a p-value sensibly smaller than a confidence level of 0.05.

Search for long distance correlations between extensive air showers detected by the EEE network

Carnesecchi, F.;Garbini, M.;Noferini, F.;Sartorelli, G.;Selvi, M.;Zichichi, A.;
2018

Abstract

A search for long distance correlations between individual Extensive Air Showers (EAS) detected by pairs of MRPC telescopes of the Extreme Energy Events (EEE) network was carried out. The search for an anomaly in these events is the purpose of our work. A dataset obtained by all the possible 45 pairs between 10 EEE cluster sites (hosting at least two telescopes), located at relative distances between 86 and 1200km, was analyzed, corresponding to an overall period of 3968 days time exposure. To estimate the possible event excess with respect to the spurious rate, the number of coincidence events was extracted as a function of the time difference between the arrival of the showers in the two sites, from ± 10 s to the smallest time interval where events are still observed. The analysis was done taking into account both the time and orientation correlation between the showers detected by the telescope pairs. A few candidate events with unusually small time difference and angular distance were observed, with a p-value sensibly smaller than a confidence level of 0.05.
THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL PLUS
Abbrescia, M.; Baldini, L.; Baldini Ferroli, R.; Batignani, G.; Battaglieri, M.; Boi, S.; Bossini, E.; Carnesecchi, F.; Chiavassa, A.; Cicalo, C.; Cifarelli, L.; Coccetti, F.; Coccia, E.; De Gruttola, D.; De Pasquale, S.; Fabbri, F.L.; Frolov, V.; Galeotti, P.; Garbini, M.; Gemme, G.; Gnesi, I.; Grazzi, S.; Gustavino, C.; Hatzifotiadou, D.; La Rocca, P.; Mandaglio, G.; Maragoto Rodriguez, O.; Maron, G.; Mazziotta, M.N.; Miozzi, S.; Nania, R.; Noferini, F.; Nozzoli, F.; Palmonari, F.; Panareo, M.; Panetta, M.P.; Paoletti, R.; Park, W.; Perasso, L.; Pilo, F.; Piragino, G.; Pisano, S.; Riggi, F.; Righini, G.C.; Ripoli, C.; Sartorelli, G.; Scapparone, E.; Schioppa, M.; Scribano, A.; Selvi, M.; Serci, S.; Squarcia, S.; Taiuti, M.; Terreni, G.; Trifirò, A.; Trimarchi, M.; Vistoli, M.C.; Votano, L.; Williams, M.C.S.; Zheng, L.; Zichichi, A.; Zuyeuski, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/627654
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