To assess risk factors for recurrent carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream-infection (CR-KP BSI), we performed a prospective observational cohort study of all consecutive adult patients cured of a CR-KP BSI at our hospital over a six-year period (June 2010 to June 2016). Maximum follow-up per patient was 180 days from the index blood cultures (BCs). Recurrent CR-KP BSI was defined as new evidence of positive BCs in patients with documented clinical response after completing a course of anti-CR-KP therapy. Univariate and multivariate cause-specific Cox proportional hazards analysis were performed. During the study period 249 patients were diagnosed with a CR-KP BSI, 193 were deemed as cured within 14 days after index BCs and were analysed. Recurrence occurred in 32/193 patients (16.6%) within a median of 35 (IQR 25–45) days after index BCs. All but one of the recurrences occurred within 60 days after the index BCs. Comparison of recurrent and non-recurrent cases showed significant differences for colistin use (84.4% vs. 62.2%, p = 0.01), meropenem-colistin-tigecycline regimen (43.8% vs. 24.8%, p = 0.03) and length of therapy for the index BSI episode (median 18 vs. 14 days, p = 0.004). All-cause 180-day mortality (34.4% vs. 16.1%, p = 0.02) was higher in recurrent cases. In the multivariate analysis, the only independent variable was source control as a protective factor for recurrence. Recurrence is frequent among patients cured of a CR-KP BSI and is associated with higher long-term mortality. When feasible, source control is mandatory to avoid recurrence. The role of antibiotic treatment should be further investigated in large multicentre studies.

Risk factors for recurrent carbapenem resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infection: a prospective cohort study

Giannella, Maddalena;GRAZIANO, ELENA;MARCONI, LORENZO;Girometti, Nicolo;Bartoletti, Michele;Tedeschi, Sara;Tumietto, Fabio;Cristini, Francesco;Ambretti, Simone;Berlingeri, Andrea;Lewis, Russell E.;Viale, Pierluigi
2017

Abstract

To assess risk factors for recurrent carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream-infection (CR-KP BSI), we performed a prospective observational cohort study of all consecutive adult patients cured of a CR-KP BSI at our hospital over a six-year period (June 2010 to June 2016). Maximum follow-up per patient was 180 days from the index blood cultures (BCs). Recurrent CR-KP BSI was defined as new evidence of positive BCs in patients with documented clinical response after completing a course of anti-CR-KP therapy. Univariate and multivariate cause-specific Cox proportional hazards analysis were performed. During the study period 249 patients were diagnosed with a CR-KP BSI, 193 were deemed as cured within 14 days after index BCs and were analysed. Recurrence occurred in 32/193 patients (16.6%) within a median of 35 (IQR 25–45) days after index BCs. All but one of the recurrences occurred within 60 days after the index BCs. Comparison of recurrent and non-recurrent cases showed significant differences for colistin use (84.4% vs. 62.2%, p = 0.01), meropenem-colistin-tigecycline regimen (43.8% vs. 24.8%, p = 0.03) and length of therapy for the index BSI episode (median 18 vs. 14 days, p = 0.004). All-cause 180-day mortality (34.4% vs. 16.1%, p = 0.02) was higher in recurrent cases. In the multivariate analysis, the only independent variable was source control as a protective factor for recurrence. Recurrence is frequent among patients cured of a CR-KP BSI and is associated with higher long-term mortality. When feasible, source control is mandatory to avoid recurrence. The role of antibiotic treatment should be further investigated in large multicentre studies.
2017
Giannella, Maddalena*; Graziano, Elena; Marconi, Lorenzo; Girometti, Nicolo; Bartoletti, Michele; Tedeschi, Sara; Tumietto, Fabio; Cristini, Francesco; Ambretti, Simone; Berlingeri, Andrea; Lewis, Russell E.; Viale, Pierluigi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/624779
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