Recently, some studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of two latent variable approaches in which hand preferences are analysed using either latent class methods or latent class factor (LCF) methods. The main aims of this study are: (i) to establish whether these approaches are adequate for assessing footedness, (ii) to evaluate their appropriateness when hand and foot preferences are jointly analysed, and (iii) to measure the association between handedness and footedness based on the examined latent variable models. To this end, a dataset providing information about the limb used to perform ten hand actions and three foot movements by 2236 young Italian sportspeople is analysed. The first aim is pursued through an exploratory analysis of the observed foot preferences; according to this analysis, footedness patterns are adequately described by two latent levels of footedness. As far as the second aim is concerned, a confirmatory analysis of foot and hand preferences is carried out; the best fit to the dataset is obtained using a two-dimensional LCF model with four latent levels of handedness and two latent levels of footedness. Finally, the association between handedness and footedness resulting from the employed methods is remarkably lower than that registered in other studies.

Joint assessment of handedness and footedness through latent class factor analysis

Sacco, Chiara;Di Michele, Rocco;Semprini, Gabriele;Merni, Franco;Soffritti, Gabriele
2018

Abstract

Recently, some studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of two latent variable approaches in which hand preferences are analysed using either latent class methods or latent class factor (LCF) methods. The main aims of this study are: (i) to establish whether these approaches are adequate for assessing footedness, (ii) to evaluate their appropriateness when hand and foot preferences are jointly analysed, and (iii) to measure the association between handedness and footedness based on the examined latent variable models. To this end, a dataset providing information about the limb used to perform ten hand actions and three foot movements by 2236 young Italian sportspeople is analysed. The first aim is pursued through an exploratory analysis of the observed foot preferences; according to this analysis, footedness patterns are adequately described by two latent levels of footedness. As far as the second aim is concerned, a confirmatory analysis of foot and hand preferences is carried out; the best fit to the dataset is obtained using a two-dimensional LCF model with four latent levels of handedness and two latent levels of footedness. Finally, the association between handedness and footedness resulting from the employed methods is remarkably lower than that registered in other studies.
Sacco, Chiara; Di Michele, Rocco; Semprini, Gabriele; Merni, Franco; Soffritti, Gabriele*
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/624502
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