A new member of the family Closteroviridae was detected in Actinidia chinensis grown in Italy, using next generation sequencing of double-stranded RNA. The virus isolate, named Actinidia virus 1 (AcV-1) has a genome of 18,848 nts in length, a structure similar to the unclassified persimmon virus B (PeVB) and contains 12 open reading frames (ORFs) greater than 6 KDa, one carrying two papain-like leader proteases, a methyltransferase, a helicase and an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase domain. Additional ORFs code for homologs of heat shock protein 70, heat shock protein 90 and a coat protein. Curiously, AcV-1 and PeVB genomes code for a thaumatin-like protein, a peculiarity unreported for other viruses. In phylogenetic analyses both viruses group in a distinct clade evolutionarily related to closteroviruses. The final taxonomic position of AcV-1 within the family Closteroviridae is yet to be clarified.

Characterization of Actinidia virus 1, a new member of the family Closteroviridae encoding a thaumatin-like protein

Biccheri, R.;Poggi Pollini, C.;Ratti, C.
2018

Abstract

A new member of the family Closteroviridae was detected in Actinidia chinensis grown in Italy, using next generation sequencing of double-stranded RNA. The virus isolate, named Actinidia virus 1 (AcV-1) has a genome of 18,848 nts in length, a structure similar to the unclassified persimmon virus B (PeVB) and contains 12 open reading frames (ORFs) greater than 6 KDa, one carrying two papain-like leader proteases, a methyltransferase, a helicase and an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase domain. Additional ORFs code for homologs of heat shock protein 70, heat shock protein 90 and a coat protein. Curiously, AcV-1 and PeVB genomes code for a thaumatin-like protein, a peculiarity unreported for other viruses. In phylogenetic analyses both viruses group in a distinct clade evolutionarily related to closteroviruses. The final taxonomic position of AcV-1 within the family Closteroviridae is yet to be clarified.
ARCHIVES OF VIROLOGY
Blouin, A.G.; Biccheri, R.; Khalifa, M.E.; Pearson, M.N.; Poggi Pollini, C.; Hamiaux, C.; Cohen, D.; Ratti, C.*
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/624128
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