We present ALMA measurements of a merger shock using the thermal SunyaevZeldovich (SZ) effect signal, at the location of a radio relic in the famous El Gordo galaxy cluster at z ≈ 0.9. Multi-wavelength analysis in combination with the archival Chandra data and a high-resolution radio image provides a consistent picture of the thermal and non-thermal signal variation across the shock front and helps to put robust constraints on the shock Mach number as well as the relic magnetic field. We employ a Bayesian analysis technique for modeling the SZ and X-ray data self-consistently, illustrating respective parameter degeneracies. Combined results indicate a shock with Mach number M = 2.4-0.6+1.3, which in turn suggests a high value of the magnetic field (of the order of 410 μG) to account for the observed relic width at 2 GHz. At roughly half the current age of the universe, this is the highest-redshift direct detection of a cluster shock to date, and one of the first instances of an ALMA-SZ observation in a galaxy cluster. It shows the tremendous potential for future ALMA-SZ observations to detect merger shocks and other cluster substructures out to the highest redshifts.

ALMA-SZ DETECTION of A GALAXY CLUSTER MERGER SHOCK at HALF the AGE of the UNIVERSE

Vazza, F.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
TOZZI, BIAGIO PLACIDO
2016

Abstract

We present ALMA measurements of a merger shock using the thermal SunyaevZeldovich (SZ) effect signal, at the location of a radio relic in the famous El Gordo galaxy cluster at z ≈ 0.9. Multi-wavelength analysis in combination with the archival Chandra data and a high-resolution radio image provides a consistent picture of the thermal and non-thermal signal variation across the shock front and helps to put robust constraints on the shock Mach number as well as the relic magnetic field. We employ a Bayesian analysis technique for modeling the SZ and X-ray data self-consistently, illustrating respective parameter degeneracies. Combined results indicate a shock with Mach number M = 2.4-0.6+1.3, which in turn suggests a high value of the magnetic field (of the order of 410 μG) to account for the observed relic width at 2 GHz. At roughly half the current age of the universe, this is the highest-redshift direct detection of a cluster shock to date, and one of the first instances of an ALMA-SZ observation in a galaxy cluster. It shows the tremendous potential for future ALMA-SZ observations to detect merger shocks and other cluster substructures out to the highest redshifts.
Basu, K.; Sommer, M.; Erler, J.; Eckert, D.; Vazza, F.; Magnelli, B.; Bertoldi, F.; Tozzi, P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/619377
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