Background: Return to sport after revision ACL reconstruction is a controversial topic, several studies reported the results of different techniques and graft in sportsman, presenting an incredibly wide range of return to the same pre-injury activity level, from 0% to 100%. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes and return to sport rate in young athletes after non anatomic double-bundle revision ACL reconstruction with Achilles allograft. Hypothesis: The present revision technique was effective in terms of stability, return to sport and functional outcomes. Material and methods: All the athletes undergone Revision ACL reconstruction with non-irradiated Achilles tendon allograft with a non-anatomical double-bundle technique were included in the study. A split Achilles tendon allograft was used to reproduce the anteromedial (AM) bundle using the over-the-top position, while the posterolateral (PL) bundle was reconstructed through a femoral tunnel located in the anatomical PL footprint. Sport activity, knee function with Lysholm score, knee laxity and re-injury or re-operations were evaluated. Results: Twenty-six athletes (23 males, three females) with a mean age of 23.4. ±. 3.6 years were evaluated at a mean follow-up of 6.0. ±. 1.6 years. Overall 69% of patients returned to sport both at elite (44%) or county level (56%) after a mean 6.7. ±. 1.5 (3-9 range) months. The mean Lysholm score showed a significant improvement from 64.4. ±. 8.1 at pre-operative status to 83.8. ±. 11.3 at final follow-up (P <. .0001). Seven patients (30%) were rated as excellent, nine (39%) as good, five (22%) as fair and 2 (9%) as poor. Three patients (12%) experienced a further graft rupture after a mean 2.6 years, (3.5 months-48 months range) and two had >5. mm side-to-side difference at KT-1000. Therefore, the overall survival rate at mean six years follow-up was 81%. Conclusion: The ACL revision with a double-bundle technique using Achilles tendon allograft was successful in 81% of athletes at six years mean follow-up. Type of study and level of evidence: Retrospective case series, level IV.

Anterior cruciate ligament revision with Achilles tendon allograft in young athletes

Zaffagnini, S.
Supervision
;
Marcheggiani Muccioli, G. M.;Roberti Di Sarsina, T.;MACCHIAROLA, LUCA;Neri, M. P.;
2018

Abstract

Background: Return to sport after revision ACL reconstruction is a controversial topic, several studies reported the results of different techniques and graft in sportsman, presenting an incredibly wide range of return to the same pre-injury activity level, from 0% to 100%. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes and return to sport rate in young athletes after non anatomic double-bundle revision ACL reconstruction with Achilles allograft. Hypothesis: The present revision technique was effective in terms of stability, return to sport and functional outcomes. Material and methods: All the athletes undergone Revision ACL reconstruction with non-irradiated Achilles tendon allograft with a non-anatomical double-bundle technique were included in the study. A split Achilles tendon allograft was used to reproduce the anteromedial (AM) bundle using the over-the-top position, while the posterolateral (PL) bundle was reconstructed through a femoral tunnel located in the anatomical PL footprint. Sport activity, knee function with Lysholm score, knee laxity and re-injury or re-operations were evaluated. Results: Twenty-six athletes (23 males, three females) with a mean age of 23.4. ±. 3.6 years were evaluated at a mean follow-up of 6.0. ±. 1.6 years. Overall 69% of patients returned to sport both at elite (44%) or county level (56%) after a mean 6.7. ±. 1.5 (3-9 range) months. The mean Lysholm score showed a significant improvement from 64.4. ±. 8.1 at pre-operative status to 83.8. ±. 11.3 at final follow-up (P <. .0001). Seven patients (30%) were rated as excellent, nine (39%) as good, five (22%) as fair and 2 (9%) as poor. Three patients (12%) experienced a further graft rupture after a mean 2.6 years, (3.5 months-48 months range) and two had >5. mm side-to-side difference at KT-1000. Therefore, the overall survival rate at mean six years follow-up was 81%. Conclusion: The ACL revision with a double-bundle technique using Achilles tendon allograft was successful in 81% of athletes at six years mean follow-up. Type of study and level of evidence: Retrospective case series, level IV.
Zaffagnini, S.; Grassi, A.; Marcheggiani Muccioli, G. M.; Roberti Di Sarsina, T.; Macchiarola, L.; Mosca, M.; Neri, M. P.; Marcacci, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/618749
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