In humans, a CT “tree-in-bud” pattern has been described as a characteristic of centrilobular bronchiolar dilation, with bronchiolar plugging by mucus, pus, or fluid. Aims of this retrospective, descriptive, multi-center study were to characterize the CT appearance of a “tree-in-bud” pattern in a group of cats, and compare this pattern with radiographic and clinical findings. Databases from four hospitals were searched during the period of January 2012 to September 2015 and cats with thoracic radiographs, thoracic CT scans and CT reports describing findings consistent with a “tree-in-bud” pattern were included. Images were reviewed by two veterinary radiologists and characteristics were recorded based on consensus. Clinical findings were recorded by one observer from each center. Thirty-six cats met inclusion criteria. Six cats were asymptomatic, 12 were diagnosed with bronchial disease and 23 were suspected to have bronchial disease. Right cranial and right caudal lung lobes were most commonly affected on both imaging modalities. Localization of the “tree-in-bud” pattern was most often peripheral. On radiographs, the CT “tree-in-bud” pattern often appeared as soft-tissue opacity nodules; their number and affected pulmonary segments were often underestimated compared with CT. In conclusion, the “tree-in-bud” pattern should be considered as a differential diagnosis for radiographic soft tissue opaque nodules in feline lungs. Based on lesion localization and presence or suspicion of a concomitant bronchial disease for cats in this sample, authors propose that the CT “tree-in-bud” pattern described in humans is also a characteristic of bronchial or bronchiolar plugging and bronchial disease in cats.

The computed tomographic "tree-in-bud" pattern: Characterization and comparison with radiographic and clinical findings in 36 cats

Specchi, Swan;Pey, Pascaline
2018

Abstract

In humans, a CT “tree-in-bud” pattern has been described as a characteristic of centrilobular bronchiolar dilation, with bronchiolar plugging by mucus, pus, or fluid. Aims of this retrospective, descriptive, multi-center study were to characterize the CT appearance of a “tree-in-bud” pattern in a group of cats, and compare this pattern with radiographic and clinical findings. Databases from four hospitals were searched during the period of January 2012 to September 2015 and cats with thoracic radiographs, thoracic CT scans and CT reports describing findings consistent with a “tree-in-bud” pattern were included. Images were reviewed by two veterinary radiologists and characteristics were recorded based on consensus. Clinical findings were recorded by one observer from each center. Thirty-six cats met inclusion criteria. Six cats were asymptomatic, 12 were diagnosed with bronchial disease and 23 were suspected to have bronchial disease. Right cranial and right caudal lung lobes were most commonly affected on both imaging modalities. Localization of the “tree-in-bud” pattern was most often peripheral. On radiographs, the CT “tree-in-bud” pattern often appeared as soft-tissue opacity nodules; their number and affected pulmonary segments were often underestimated compared with CT. In conclusion, the “tree-in-bud” pattern should be considered as a differential diagnosis for radiographic soft tissue opaque nodules in feline lungs. Based on lesion localization and presence or suspicion of a concomitant bronchial disease for cats in this sample, authors propose that the CT “tree-in-bud” pattern described in humans is also a characteristic of bronchial or bronchiolar plugging and bronchial disease in cats.
VETERINARY RADIOLOGY & ULTRASOUND
Hahn, Harriet; Specchi, Swan; Masseau, Isabelle; Reinero, Carol; Benchekroun, Ghita; Rechy, Jaime; Seiler, Gabriela; Pey, Pascaline
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/617527
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