Background: Beta-Glucosidase assay is performed with purified or semipurified enzymes extracted from cell lysis. However, in screening studies, to find bacteria withbeta-glucosidase activity among many tested bacteria, a fast method without cell lysis is desirable. In that objective, we report an in vivo beta-glucosidase assay as a fast method to find a beta-glucosidase producer strain. Results: The method consists in growing the strains for testing in a medium supplemented with the artificial substrate p-nitrophenyl-beta-glucopyranoside (pNPG). The presence of β-glucosidases converts the substrate to p-nitrophenol (pNP), a molecule that can be easily measured in the supernatant spectrophotometrically at 405 nm. The assay was evaluated using two Bifidobacterium strains: Bifidobacterium longum B7254 strain that lacks beta-glucosidase activity and Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum B7003 strain that shows beta-glucosidase activity. The addition of sodium carbonate during pNP measurement increases the sensitivity of pNP detection and avoids the masking of absorbance by the culture medium. Furthermore, we show that pNP is a stable enzymatic product, not metabolized by bacteria, but with an inhibitory effect on cell growth. The beta-glucosidase activity was measured as units of enzyme per gram per minute per dry cell weight. This method also allowed the identification of Lactobacillus strains with higher beta-glucosidase activity among several lactobacillus species. Conclusion: This in vivo beta-glucosidase assay can be used as an enzymatic test on living cells without cell disruption. The method is simple, quantitative, and recommended, especially in studies screening for bacteria not only with beta-glucosidase activity but also with high beta-glucosidase activity.

Strahsburger, E., de Lacey, A.M.L., Marotti, I., Digioia, D., Biavati, B., Dinelli, G. (2017). In vivo assay to identify bacteria with beta-glucosidase activity. ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF BIOTECHNOLOGY, 30, 83-87 [10.1016/j.ejbt.2017.08.010].

In vivo assay to identify bacteria with beta-glucosidase activity

Marotti, Ilaria;DiGioia, Diana;Biavati, Bruno;Dinelli, Giovanni
2017

Abstract

Background: Beta-Glucosidase assay is performed with purified or semipurified enzymes extracted from cell lysis. However, in screening studies, to find bacteria withbeta-glucosidase activity among many tested bacteria, a fast method without cell lysis is desirable. In that objective, we report an in vivo beta-glucosidase assay as a fast method to find a beta-glucosidase producer strain. Results: The method consists in growing the strains for testing in a medium supplemented with the artificial substrate p-nitrophenyl-beta-glucopyranoside (pNPG). The presence of β-glucosidases converts the substrate to p-nitrophenol (pNP), a molecule that can be easily measured in the supernatant spectrophotometrically at 405 nm. The assay was evaluated using two Bifidobacterium strains: Bifidobacterium longum B7254 strain that lacks beta-glucosidase activity and Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum B7003 strain that shows beta-glucosidase activity. The addition of sodium carbonate during pNP measurement increases the sensitivity of pNP detection and avoids the masking of absorbance by the culture medium. Furthermore, we show that pNP is a stable enzymatic product, not metabolized by bacteria, but with an inhibitory effect on cell growth. The beta-glucosidase activity was measured as units of enzyme per gram per minute per dry cell weight. This method also allowed the identification of Lactobacillus strains with higher beta-glucosidase activity among several lactobacillus species. Conclusion: This in vivo beta-glucosidase assay can be used as an enzymatic test on living cells without cell disruption. The method is simple, quantitative, and recommended, especially in studies screening for bacteria not only with beta-glucosidase activity but also with high beta-glucosidase activity.
2017
Strahsburger, E., de Lacey, A.M.L., Marotti, I., Digioia, D., Biavati, B., Dinelli, G. (2017). In vivo assay to identify bacteria with beta-glucosidase activity. ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF BIOTECHNOLOGY, 30, 83-87 [10.1016/j.ejbt.2017.08.010].
Strahsburger, Erwin; de Lacey, Ana Maria Lopez; Marotti, Ilaria; Digioia, Diana; Biavati, Bruno; Dinelli, Giovanni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/616640
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