Strongyle infections have been traditionally regarded as a possible cause of colic in horses. Aim of the study was the comparison of parasitological status between subjects with or without colic syndrome, with particular attention to small strongyle infections. Coprological analyses were performed on 86 horses: 43 with colic and 43 controls. Strongyle eggs were found in 34/86 horses (prevalence 39.5%), the mean number of strongyles eggs per gram of faeces (EPG)2 was 145.34 (standard deviation 398.28). All those 34 positive animals had small strongyles infections. Negative binomial multiple regression highlighted no influence of horse sex on strongyle EPG, while there was a negative relationship between age and EPG (p< 0.05); the same analysis revealed a significant difference of EPG (p< 0.05) between control horses (mean EPG =178.1; standard deviation: 411.4) and horses with surgical colic (mean EPG= 68.6 standard deviation: 259.8) when controlling for S. vulgaris presence including it in the model. On the contrary, the intensity of infection in horses with non-surgical colic (mean EPG =154.5; standard deviation: 480.4) did not significantly differed from controls. Similar results were obtained having estimated cyathostomine EPGs as dependent variable. Multinomial logistic regression confirmed the negative relationship between cyathostonine presence and surgical colic occurrence. It is possible that (1) the presence of adult luminal parasites, would have a protective effect against the pathogenic action exerted by the development and emergence of small strongyles larvae from intestinal mucosa; (2) the management practices able to reduce the risk of colics are the same that cause higher exposure to strongyle infective larvae.

Are small strongyles (Cyathostominae) involved in horse colic occurrence?

Stancampiano, Laura
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Usai, Federica
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
MARIGO, ANDREA
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Rinnovati, Riccardo
Membro del Collaboration Group
2017

Abstract

Strongyle infections have been traditionally regarded as a possible cause of colic in horses. Aim of the study was the comparison of parasitological status between subjects with or without colic syndrome, with particular attention to small strongyle infections. Coprological analyses were performed on 86 horses: 43 with colic and 43 controls. Strongyle eggs were found in 34/86 horses (prevalence 39.5%), the mean number of strongyles eggs per gram of faeces (EPG)2 was 145.34 (standard deviation 398.28). All those 34 positive animals had small strongyles infections. Negative binomial multiple regression highlighted no influence of horse sex on strongyle EPG, while there was a negative relationship between age and EPG (p< 0.05); the same analysis revealed a significant difference of EPG (p< 0.05) between control horses (mean EPG =178.1; standard deviation: 411.4) and horses with surgical colic (mean EPG= 68.6 standard deviation: 259.8) when controlling for S. vulgaris presence including it in the model. On the contrary, the intensity of infection in horses with non-surgical colic (mean EPG =154.5; standard deviation: 480.4) did not significantly differed from controls. Similar results were obtained having estimated cyathostomine EPGs as dependent variable. Multinomial logistic regression confirmed the negative relationship between cyathostonine presence and surgical colic occurrence. It is possible that (1) the presence of adult luminal parasites, would have a protective effect against the pathogenic action exerted by the development and emergence of small strongyles larvae from intestinal mucosa; (2) the management practices able to reduce the risk of colics are the same that cause higher exposure to strongyle infective larvae.
Stancampiano, Laura; Usai, Federica; Marigo, Andrea; Rinnovati, Riccardo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/615194
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