Background and Aims There is a lack in the literature about prepouch ileitis (PI), in particular regarding risk factors associated with failure of the medical treatment. Aim of the study is to analyse the characteristics of PI patients and to compare those who required surgery with those who were successfully treated with conservative therapy. Methods All cases presenting a diagnosis of PI were included and analysed. Patients eventually requiring surgery were compared to those who were managed conservatively for symptoms of presentation, endoscopic characteristics and rate of response to medical treatment. A sub-analysis of outcomes based on the final histology was performed. Results The overall incidence of PI over 1286 patients was 4.4% (57), after a median of 6.8 years from pouch surgery. Symptoms included increased frequency (26.4%), outlet obstruction (21%), bleeding (15.8%). Afferent limb stenosis affected 49.1% of patients. The comparison showed that patients requiring surgery had a higher rate of Crohn’s disease and indeterminate colitis (42.1 vs 0% and 15.8 vs 2.6%, p<0.0001), outlet obstruction as main symptom (47.4 vs 7.9% p=0.0023) and afferent limb stenosis (73.7 vs 36.8%. p=0.008) at endoscopy. Rate of failure of medical treatment at 5 year was 8.2% in patients with ulcerative colitis and 75% in the presence of both indeterminate colitis and Crohn’s disease (p<0.0001). Conclusions Crohn’s disease, indeterminate colitis and stenosis with outlet obstruction are risk factors for failure of treatment after diagnosis of PI. Early aggressive therapy and surgery should be considered in these cases.

Prepouch Ileitis After Ileal Pouch-anal Anastomosis: Patterns of Presentation and Risk Factors for Failure of Treatment / Rottoli, Matteo; Vallicelli, Carlo; Bigonzi, Eleonora; Gionchetti, Paolo; Rizzello, Fernando; DI SIMONE, MASSIMO PIERLUIGI; Poggioli, Gilberto. - In: JOURNAL OF CROHN'S AND COLITIS. - ISSN 1873-9946. - STAMPA. - 12:3(2018), pp. 273-279. [10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx140]

Prepouch Ileitis After Ileal Pouch-anal Anastomosis: Patterns of Presentation and Risk Factors for Failure of Treatment

Rottoli, Matteo;Vallicelli, Carlo;Bigonzi, Eleonora;Gionchetti, Paolo;Rizzello, Fernando;Di Simone, Massimo P;Poggioli, Gilberto
2018

Abstract

Background and Aims There is a lack in the literature about prepouch ileitis (PI), in particular regarding risk factors associated with failure of the medical treatment. Aim of the study is to analyse the characteristics of PI patients and to compare those who required surgery with those who were successfully treated with conservative therapy. Methods All cases presenting a diagnosis of PI were included and analysed. Patients eventually requiring surgery were compared to those who were managed conservatively for symptoms of presentation, endoscopic characteristics and rate of response to medical treatment. A sub-analysis of outcomes based on the final histology was performed. Results The overall incidence of PI over 1286 patients was 4.4% (57), after a median of 6.8 years from pouch surgery. Symptoms included increased frequency (26.4%), outlet obstruction (21%), bleeding (15.8%). Afferent limb stenosis affected 49.1% of patients. The comparison showed that patients requiring surgery had a higher rate of Crohn’s disease and indeterminate colitis (42.1 vs 0% and 15.8 vs 2.6%, p<0.0001), outlet obstruction as main symptom (47.4 vs 7.9% p=0.0023) and afferent limb stenosis (73.7 vs 36.8%. p=0.008) at endoscopy. Rate of failure of medical treatment at 5 year was 8.2% in patients with ulcerative colitis and 75% in the presence of both indeterminate colitis and Crohn’s disease (p<0.0001). Conclusions Crohn’s disease, indeterminate colitis and stenosis with outlet obstruction are risk factors for failure of treatment after diagnosis of PI. Early aggressive therapy and surgery should be considered in these cases.
2018
Prepouch Ileitis After Ileal Pouch-anal Anastomosis: Patterns of Presentation and Risk Factors for Failure of Treatment / Rottoli, Matteo; Vallicelli, Carlo; Bigonzi, Eleonora; Gionchetti, Paolo; Rizzello, Fernando; DI SIMONE, MASSIMO PIERLUIGI; Poggioli, Gilberto. - In: JOURNAL OF CROHN'S AND COLITIS. - ISSN 1873-9946. - STAMPA. - 12:3(2018), pp. 273-279. [10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjx140]
Rottoli, Matteo; Vallicelli, Carlo; Bigonzi, Eleonora; Gionchetti, Paolo; Rizzello, Fernando; DI SIMONE, MASSIMO PIERLUIGI; Poggioli, Gilberto
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/612243
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 9
  • Scopus 19
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 17
social impact