Aim The aim of the present study was to evaluate the risk of axillary non-sentinel lymph-node metastases (ALN) in breast cancer patients presenting macrometastasis (Mac-m) in the sentinel lymph node (SN). Materials and methods A retrospective series of 1464 breast cancers from patients who underwent ALN dissection following the diagnosis of Mac-m in the sentinel node (SN) was studied. In all the cases the MAC-m linear size was evaluated and correlated with presence or absence of non-SN ALN metastases. Results Non-SN metastases were detected in 644∖1464 cases (43.98%). The risk of further axillary metastases ranged from 20.2% (37/183) in cases with Mac-m between 2 and 2.9 mm, to 65.3% (262/401) in cases with Mac-m measuring > 10 mm. The risk of non-SN ALN metastases showed a 3% increase, parallel to each mm increment in SN metastasis size. The data evaluated with the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that the Mac-m could be subdivided according to a new cut-off of 7 mm. pT1 tumours, with Mac-m < 7 mm had a risk of non-SN ALN metastases of <30%. Furthermore 109/127 of these (85.8%) had 3 or less non-SN ALN -metastases. Conclusions The present data give a detailed description on the risk of non-SN ALN involvement, that may be useful in the evaluation of breast cancer patients. It is suggested that a Mac-m size of <7 mm is related to a low residual axillary disease burden in breast cancer patients with small (pT1) tumours.

Prognostic impact of macrometastasis linear size in sentinel node biopsy for breast carcinoma

FOSCHINI, MARIA PIA;MIGLIO, ROSSELLA;
2017

Abstract

Aim The aim of the present study was to evaluate the risk of axillary non-sentinel lymph-node metastases (ALN) in breast cancer patients presenting macrometastasis (Mac-m) in the sentinel lymph node (SN). Materials and methods A retrospective series of 1464 breast cancers from patients who underwent ALN dissection following the diagnosis of Mac-m in the sentinel node (SN) was studied. In all the cases the MAC-m linear size was evaluated and correlated with presence or absence of non-SN ALN metastases. Results Non-SN metastases were detected in 644∖1464 cases (43.98%). The risk of further axillary metastases ranged from 20.2% (37/183) in cases with Mac-m between 2 and 2.9 mm, to 65.3% (262/401) in cases with Mac-m measuring > 10 mm. The risk of non-SN ALN metastases showed a 3% increase, parallel to each mm increment in SN metastasis size. The data evaluated with the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that the Mac-m could be subdivided according to a new cut-off of 7 mm. pT1 tumours, with Mac-m < 7 mm had a risk of non-SN ALN metastases of <30%. Furthermore 109/127 of these (85.8%) had 3 or less non-SN ALN -metastases. Conclusions The present data give a detailed description on the risk of non-SN ALN involvement, that may be useful in the evaluation of breast cancer patients. It is suggested that a Mac-m size of <7 mm is related to a low residual axillary disease burden in breast cancer patients with small (pT1) tumours.
Foschini, M.P; Miglio, R.; Quinn, C.; Belgio, B.; Regitnig, P.; Bianchi, S.; Nannini, R.; Buerger, H.; Kaya, H.; Illyés, I.; Kulka, J.; Wells, C.A.; De Gaetano, J.; Lipeniece-Karele, I.; Cserni, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/605676
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