Background: Recently, a genome-wide analysis using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) microarrays, identified genetic alterations targeting PAX5 in over 30% of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia cases (Mullighan et al. Nature 2008). However, the occurrence of PAX5 alterations has not been investigated in adult BCR-ABL1-positive ALL. Aim: To characterize mutations and rearrangements on 9p involving PAX5 in adult BCR-ABL1-positive ALL. Patients and Methods: Eighty-nine patients with de novo adult BCR-ABL1-positive ALL were enrolled into institutional (n = 15) or Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche Maligne dell'Adulto Acute Leukemia Working Party (n = 74) clinical trials and after obtaining informed consent their genome was analyzed by SNP arrays (Affymetrix 250K NspI and SNP 6.0), FISH, genomic PCR and resequencing. Results: SNP array analysis identified a loss of PAX5 in 29 patients (33%). In all cases the deletion was heterozygous. Four patterns of PAX5 deletion were observed: focal deletion involving only the PAX5 gene in one case (3%); deletions involving only a portion of PAX5 and both telomeric and centromeric genes in 11 cases (38%) with a median size of 310 kb (range: 101 kb-16,395 kb); broader deletions involving the entire PAX5 locus and a variable number of flanking genes in 10 patients (34%) with a median size of 1,999 kb (range: 567 kb-1,208 kb); deletion of all chromosome 9 or 9p in 7 patients (24%). These deletions may result in PAX5 haploinsufficiency or altered gene expression. In one patient the deletion of PAX5 involved only a subset of exons (2-6) resulting in an alternative transcript encoding a prematurely truncated protein lacking key PAX5 functional domains. To investigate the consequences of genomic PAX5 alteration, quantitative PCR (q-PCR) was used: genomic alterations on 9p13.2 lead to a significant down-modulation at the transcript level of Pax5. Normal and deleted PAX5 subgroups were also investigated for point mutations, analyzing each exon by direct sequencing, but we did not found nucleotide substitutions. Conclusion: PAX5 deletions, but not point mutations, are frequent events in adult BCR-ABL1 positive ALL and are the main mechanism of inactivation of PAX5 in BCR-ABL1 positive ALL. Supported by: European LeukemiaNet, AIL, AIRC, FIRB 2006, Strategico di Ateneo, GIMEMA Onlus.

Molecular Characterization of PAX5 alterations in Adult BCR-ABL1-Positive Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)

LONETTI, ANNALISA;IACOBUCCI, ILARIA;Papayannidis, Cristina;Ferrari, Anna;GUADAGNUOLO, VIVIANA;Paolini, Stefania;Soverini, Simona;PANE, FABRIZIO;Baccarani, Michele;Martinelli, Giovanni
2010

Abstract

Background: Recently, a genome-wide analysis using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) microarrays, identified genetic alterations targeting PAX5 in over 30% of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia cases (Mullighan et al. Nature 2008). However, the occurrence of PAX5 alterations has not been investigated in adult BCR-ABL1-positive ALL. Aim: To characterize mutations and rearrangements on 9p involving PAX5 in adult BCR-ABL1-positive ALL. Patients and Methods: Eighty-nine patients with de novo adult BCR-ABL1-positive ALL were enrolled into institutional (n = 15) or Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche Maligne dell'Adulto Acute Leukemia Working Party (n = 74) clinical trials and after obtaining informed consent their genome was analyzed by SNP arrays (Affymetrix 250K NspI and SNP 6.0), FISH, genomic PCR and resequencing. Results: SNP array analysis identified a loss of PAX5 in 29 patients (33%). In all cases the deletion was heterozygous. Four patterns of PAX5 deletion were observed: focal deletion involving only the PAX5 gene in one case (3%); deletions involving only a portion of PAX5 and both telomeric and centromeric genes in 11 cases (38%) with a median size of 310 kb (range: 101 kb-16,395 kb); broader deletions involving the entire PAX5 locus and a variable number of flanking genes in 10 patients (34%) with a median size of 1,999 kb (range: 567 kb-1,208 kb); deletion of all chromosome 9 or 9p in 7 patients (24%). These deletions may result in PAX5 haploinsufficiency or altered gene expression. In one patient the deletion of PAX5 involved only a subset of exons (2-6) resulting in an alternative transcript encoding a prematurely truncated protein lacking key PAX5 functional domains. To investigate the consequences of genomic PAX5 alteration, quantitative PCR (q-PCR) was used: genomic alterations on 9p13.2 lead to a significant down-modulation at the transcript level of Pax5. Normal and deleted PAX5 subgroups were also investigated for point mutations, analyzing each exon by direct sequencing, but we did not found nucleotide substitutions. Conclusion: PAX5 deletions, but not point mutations, are frequent events in adult BCR-ABL1 positive ALL and are the main mechanism of inactivation of PAX5 in BCR-ABL1 positive ALL. Supported by: European LeukemiaNet, AIL, AIRC, FIRB 2006, Strategico di Ateneo, GIMEMA Onlus.
Proceedings: AACR 101st Annual Meeting 2010
1600
1600
Lonetti, Annalisa; Iacobucci, Ilaria; Papayannidis, Cristina; Ferrari, Anna; Guadagnuolo, Viviana; Cilloni, Daniela; Messa, Francesca; Paolini, Stefania; Chiaretti, Sabina; Soverini, Simona; Saglio, Giuseppe; Pane, Fabrizio; Baccarani, Michele; Foà, Robin; Martinelli, Giovanni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/604971
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