Background: Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI)-sparing antiretroviral therapies may be useful in HIV-infected patients with resistance or intolerance to this class. Methods: We performed an observational study of patients on suppressive antiretroviral therapy containing two NRTIs plus one ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor who switched to a dual regimen containing raltegravir (400 mg twice daily) and darunavir/ritonavir (800/100 mg once daily) and were followed-up for 48 weeks. Results: As a whole, 82 patients were enrolled. Mean duration of current regimen was 4.6 years and mean duration of plasma HIV RNA < 50 copies/mL before the switch was 46.2 months. Reason for simplification was toxicity in 76 patients and resistance to NRTIs in 13. After switching, the percentage of patients with HIV RNA < 50 copies/mL at week 48 was 92.7% in the intent-to-treat-exposed analysis and 97.6% in the per-protocol analysis. The switch led to a significant reduction in the mean triglyceride value (-85.2 mg/dL), in the prevalence of tubular proteinuria (-56%) and in the mean level of interleukin-6 (-0.94 pg/mL), with a significant increase in the mean phosphoremia (+0.58 mg/dL). Mean trough concentrations of both raltegravir and darunavir were within the therapeutic range. Two patients (2.4%) had virological failure due to suboptimal adherence and 4 subjects (4.9%) discontinued treatment due to adverse events, but no patients experienced Grade 3 or 4 adverse events. Conclusion: In our study, simplification to a dual therapy containing raltegravir plus darunavir/ritonavir after 48 weeks maintained viral suppression in more than 90% of patients and showed a good tolerability with a favourable effect on proteinuria, ipophosphoremia, and lipid metabolism.

Dual raltegravir-darunavir/ritonavir combination in virologically suppressed HIV-1-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy including a ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor plus two nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors

CALZA, LEONARDO;MAGISTRELLI, ELEONORA;COLANGELI, VINCENZO;MANFREDI, ROBERTO;BON, ISABELLA;RE, MARIA CARLA;CONTI, MATTEO;VIALE, PIERLUIGI
2016

Abstract

Background: Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI)-sparing antiretroviral therapies may be useful in HIV-infected patients with resistance or intolerance to this class. Methods: We performed an observational study of patients on suppressive antiretroviral therapy containing two NRTIs plus one ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor who switched to a dual regimen containing raltegravir (400 mg twice daily) and darunavir/ritonavir (800/100 mg once daily) and were followed-up for 48 weeks. Results: As a whole, 82 patients were enrolled. Mean duration of current regimen was 4.6 years and mean duration of plasma HIV RNA < 50 copies/mL before the switch was 46.2 months. Reason for simplification was toxicity in 76 patients and resistance to NRTIs in 13. After switching, the percentage of patients with HIV RNA < 50 copies/mL at week 48 was 92.7% in the intent-to-treat-exposed analysis and 97.6% in the per-protocol analysis. The switch led to a significant reduction in the mean triglyceride value (-85.2 mg/dL), in the prevalence of tubular proteinuria (-56%) and in the mean level of interleukin-6 (-0.94 pg/mL), with a significant increase in the mean phosphoremia (+0.58 mg/dL). Mean trough concentrations of both raltegravir and darunavir were within the therapeutic range. Two patients (2.4%) had virological failure due to suboptimal adherence and 4 subjects (4.9%) discontinued treatment due to adverse events, but no patients experienced Grade 3 or 4 adverse events. Conclusion: In our study, simplification to a dual therapy containing raltegravir plus darunavir/ritonavir after 48 weeks maintained viral suppression in more than 90% of patients and showed a good tolerability with a favourable effect on proteinuria, ipophosphoremia, and lipid metabolism.
Calza, Leonardo; Danese, Ilaria; Magistrelli, Eleonora; Colangeli, Vincenzo; Manfredi, Roberto; Bon, Isabella; Re, Maria Carla; Conti, Matteo; Viale, Pierluigi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/600764
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