Aim. - To evaluate the efficacy of vincristine treatment for function- and life-threatening hemangiomas. Patients and method. - Nine infants, eight girls and one boy, received vincristine treatment (VCR) for endangering hemangiomas. In six cases, the hemangiomas involved head and neck in a segmental unilateral or bilateral distribution (3/6 also had laryngeal and 2/6 tracheal location causing respiratory distress, 5/6 had eyelid and orbital involvement); one infant had disseminated neonatal hemangiomatosis (skin, liver, kidney); two infants had liver hemangiomas with cardiac failure. VCR was prescribed after failure of high-dosage corticosteroid treatment in six, and of both corticosteroids and interferon α 2b (5 months) in one; two infants received VCR as first line treatment. Results. - A dosage of 1 mg/m2 IV injection was delivered, with weekly injections first, and then tapering, increasing the interval between injections, depending on the clinical response. The nine infants received from 5 to 25 injections (average: 16), for a length of treatment of 1.5-8 months (average: 5.5 months). In seven patients a clear clinical response was observed at the end of the first month of treatment, while a slow protracted response was noted in two. Transient mild side effects were present in four patients. Discussion. - Corticosteroid treatment, although a worldwide recognized treatment of problematic hemangiomas, cannot always control the growth of alarming hemangiomas. Interferon α 2a and 2b have proven a 90% effectiveness: treatment for cortico-resistant, function- and life-threatening, hemangiomas. © 2003 Elsevier SAS. Tous droits réservés.

Traitement par vincristine des hémangiomes graves du nourrisson

VAROTTI, ELISA;
2004

Abstract

Aim. - To evaluate the efficacy of vincristine treatment for function- and life-threatening hemangiomas. Patients and method. - Nine infants, eight girls and one boy, received vincristine treatment (VCR) for endangering hemangiomas. In six cases, the hemangiomas involved head and neck in a segmental unilateral or bilateral distribution (3/6 also had laryngeal and 2/6 tracheal location causing respiratory distress, 5/6 had eyelid and orbital involvement); one infant had disseminated neonatal hemangiomatosis (skin, liver, kidney); two infants had liver hemangiomas with cardiac failure. VCR was prescribed after failure of high-dosage corticosteroid treatment in six, and of both corticosteroids and interferon α 2b (5 months) in one; two infants received VCR as first line treatment. Results. - A dosage of 1 mg/m2 IV injection was delivered, with weekly injections first, and then tapering, increasing the interval between injections, depending on the clinical response. The nine infants received from 5 to 25 injections (average: 16), for a length of treatment of 1.5-8 months (average: 5.5 months). In seven patients a clear clinical response was observed at the end of the first month of treatment, while a slow protracted response was noted in two. Transient mild side effects were present in four patients. Discussion. - Corticosteroid treatment, although a worldwide recognized treatment of problematic hemangiomas, cannot always control the growth of alarming hemangiomas. Interferon α 2a and 2b have proven a 90% effectiveness: treatment for cortico-resistant, function- and life-threatening, hemangiomas. © 2003 Elsevier SAS. Tous droits réservés.
2004
Enjolras, O.; Brevière, G.M.; Roger, G.; Tovi, M.; Pellegrino, B.; Varotti, E.; Soupre, V.; Picard, A.; Leverger, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/599883
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