Rock mass is typically characterized by inherent fractures that cause natural blocks of rocks. Unplanned cutting of stone deposits in quarries may lead to over-producing waste (rock debris) or extracting unfit (fractured) stone blocks. This paper presents two case studies through the use of low and high frequency Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) antennas to detect fractures in two benches of a quarry. In the first case study, a high frequency GPR antenna was used aiming to: (i) compare the GPR results with a map of the out-cropping fracture intensity in the bench surface, developed using the data of the GPR survey marks and interpolated by the Ordinary Kriging technique, and (ii) present how sub-vertical fractures can be numerically modelled in three dimensions from the GPR results. The second case study was focused on using a low frequency antenna to detect large aperture size of fracture surfaces as deep as possible in order to evaluate a deposit stratum before quarrying. This could be done through studying the reflections from a 3D cross-sectional GPR model and a 3D transparent GPR model. In the discussion section, an exploitation planning approach, based on modelling fractures as 3D surfaces, is theoretically and graphically proposed to optimize the stone production recovery. The two case studies showed that GPR is a successful tool for the assessment of ornamental stone deposits and a promising tool for recovery optimization.

Mapping and modelling fractures using ground penetrating radar for ornamental stone assessment and recovery optimization: Two case studies

Mohamed, Elkarmoty;Camilla, Colla;Elena, Gabrielli;Sara, Kasmaeeyazdi;Francesco, Tinti;Stefano, Bonduà;Roberto, Bruno
2017

Abstract

Rock mass is typically characterized by inherent fractures that cause natural blocks of rocks. Unplanned cutting of stone deposits in quarries may lead to over-producing waste (rock debris) or extracting unfit (fractured) stone blocks. This paper presents two case studies through the use of low and high frequency Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) antennas to detect fractures in two benches of a quarry. In the first case study, a high frequency GPR antenna was used aiming to: (i) compare the GPR results with a map of the out-cropping fracture intensity in the bench surface, developed using the data of the GPR survey marks and interpolated by the Ordinary Kriging technique, and (ii) present how sub-vertical fractures can be numerically modelled in three dimensions from the GPR results. The second case study was focused on using a low frequency antenna to detect large aperture size of fracture surfaces as deep as possible in order to evaluate a deposit stratum before quarrying. This could be done through studying the reflections from a 3D cross-sectional GPR model and a 3D transparent GPR model. In the discussion section, an exploitation planning approach, based on modelling fractures as 3D surfaces, is theoretically and graphically proposed to optimize the stone production recovery. The two case studies showed that GPR is a successful tool for the assessment of ornamental stone deposits and a promising tool for recovery optimization.
Mohamed, Elkarmoty; Camilla, Colla; Elena, Gabrielli; Sara, Kasmaeeyazdi; Francesco, Tinti; Stefano, Bonduà; Roberto, Bruno
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/598730
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