Eighteen Marek’s disease virus (MDV-1) strains collected from clinical cases of Marek’s disease occurred from 2014 to 2016 in Italian commercial and backyard chicken flocks, were analyzed. Viruses were detected by a PCR protocol targeting the meq gene from feathers, spleen or tumor samples of birds affected by classical nervous or acute forms. Nucleotide and amino acid sequences obtained, were compared with complete homologous sequences of selected MDV-1 strains with different degrees of pathogenicity retrieved from GenBank. Phylogenetic analysis of meq genes was performed. All the eight strains from vaccinated commercial flocks and two from unvaccinated backyard chickens, affected all by acute form, clustered together and with published Polish strains isolated in the last decade. Their sequences may be ascribed to virulent and very virulent MDVs. Eight out of ten strains from unvaccinated backyard chickens with classical form were closely related to mild and attenuated ones. In conclusion high virulence MDVs seems to circulate mostly in Italian commercial compartment where vaccination is routinely applied, while the rural sector is still affected by mild viruses probably due to the absent or lower vaccine pressure

EPIDEMIOLOGIA MOLECOLARE DEL VIRUS DELLA MALATTIA DI MAREK IN ITALIA NEL 2014-2016

MESCOLINI, GIULIA;LUPINI, CATERINA;FELICE, VIVIANA;LISTORTI, VALERIA;CATELLI, ELENA
2016

Abstract

Eighteen Marek’s disease virus (MDV-1) strains collected from clinical cases of Marek’s disease occurred from 2014 to 2016 in Italian commercial and backyard chicken flocks, were analyzed. Viruses were detected by a PCR protocol targeting the meq gene from feathers, spleen or tumor samples of birds affected by classical nervous or acute forms. Nucleotide and amino acid sequences obtained, were compared with complete homologous sequences of selected MDV-1 strains with different degrees of pathogenicity retrieved from GenBank. Phylogenetic analysis of meq genes was performed. All the eight strains from vaccinated commercial flocks and two from unvaccinated backyard chickens, affected all by acute form, clustered together and with published Polish strains isolated in the last decade. Their sequences may be ascribed to virulent and very virulent MDVs. Eight out of ten strains from unvaccinated backyard chickens with classical form were closely related to mild and attenuated ones. In conclusion high virulence MDVs seems to circulate mostly in Italian commercial compartment where vaccination is routinely applied, while the rural sector is still affected by mild viruses probably due to the absent or lower vaccine pressure
2016
Atti della Società Italiana di Patologia Aviare 2016
205
217
Mescolini, G.; Lupini, C.; Bellinati, L.; Felice, V.; Listorti, V.; Massi, P.; Tosi, G.; Rossi, G.; Pesente, P.; Cecchinato, M.; Catelli, E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/598170
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