Background and aims: We aimed to determine the direct economic cost of the management of severe hypoglycemia among people with diabetes in Italy. Methods and results: Data of cases with an acceptance diagnosis of hypoglycemia between January 2011 and June 2012 were collected in 46 Emergency Departments (EDs). Emergency care costs were computed by estimating the average cost per ambulance service, ED visit and short-term (<24 h) observation period. Hospitalization expenditure was estimated using the average cost reimbursed by the Italian healthcare system for hospital admission per patient with diabetes in a specific hospital ward. We retrieved 3516 hypoglycemic episodes occurring in subjects with diabetes. Half the cases (51.8%) required referral to EDs by means of the emergency ambulance services. A total of 1751 cases (49.8%) received an ED visit followed by discharge; 604 cases (17.2%) received a short-term observation period; 1161 (33.1%) were hospitalized. Unit costs for emergency care management were estimated at €205 for an ambulance call, €23 for an ED visit, and €220 for a short-term observation. The mean hospitalization cost was estimated at €5317; the average cost per each severe hypoglycemic event totaled €1911. From a base case assumption, the total direct cost of severe hypoglycemia in patients with diabetes in Italy was estimated to be approximately €23 million per year. Conclusion: Severe hypoglycemia in patients with diabetes constitutes a remarkable economic burden for national healthcare systems. Measures for preventing hypoglycemia are mandatory in diabetes management programs considering the impact on patients and on health spending.

Costs associated with emergency care and hospitalization for severe hypoglycemia

MARCHESINI REGGIANI, GIULIO;CENTIS, ELENA;
2016

Abstract

Background and aims: We aimed to determine the direct economic cost of the management of severe hypoglycemia among people with diabetes in Italy. Methods and results: Data of cases with an acceptance diagnosis of hypoglycemia between January 2011 and June 2012 were collected in 46 Emergency Departments (EDs). Emergency care costs were computed by estimating the average cost per ambulance service, ED visit and short-term (<24 h) observation period. Hospitalization expenditure was estimated using the average cost reimbursed by the Italian healthcare system for hospital admission per patient with diabetes in a specific hospital ward. We retrieved 3516 hypoglycemic episodes occurring in subjects with diabetes. Half the cases (51.8%) required referral to EDs by means of the emergency ambulance services. A total of 1751 cases (49.8%) received an ED visit followed by discharge; 604 cases (17.2%) received a short-term observation period; 1161 (33.1%) were hospitalized. Unit costs for emergency care management were estimated at €205 for an ambulance call, €23 for an ED visit, and €220 for a short-term observation. The mean hospitalization cost was estimated at €5317; the average cost per each severe hypoglycemic event totaled €1911. From a base case assumption, the total direct cost of severe hypoglycemia in patients with diabetes in Italy was estimated to be approximately €23 million per year. Conclusion: Severe hypoglycemia in patients with diabetes constitutes a remarkable economic burden for national healthcare systems. Measures for preventing hypoglycemia are mandatory in diabetes management programs considering the impact on patients and on health spending.
NMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES
Giacomo, Veronese; MARCHESINI REGGIANI, Giulio; Giuiia, Forlani; Stefania, Saragoni; Luca Degli Esposti, ; Centis, Elena; Andrea, Fabbri
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/592145
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