Quarrying of ornamental stone deposits produces huge amount of wastes due to rock mass fractures that entail economic losses. Fractures in rockmass affect the quality and the required commercial size of stones blocks or may lead to difficulty of exploitation. There are several fracture detection and characterization methods and choice of a method is controlled by the application objective. After a review of fractures detection methods, we introduced a classification based on destructive and non-destructive methods. Among these methods, the authors investigated ground penetrating radar (GPR) as a data acquisition tool. The objective of this research is to image large aperture fractures (2-3 cm) as deep as possible, in a case study in a sandstone quarry in Firenzuola, Italy. The data acquisition was carried out by low frequency GPR antenna (70 MHz) in a 3D survey grid (7 m x 12 m) over the bench surface. Due to the wet and fractured condition of the rock mass, a penetration depth of just 14 m was obtained. Wise data processing led to enhancing the signal. A processing software allowed visualizing the data in 3D GPR cuboid. Interpretation of the main fractures was performed through the entire body of the cuboid. Extension, shape and orientation of the main fracture surfaces could be explored to be then an aid for the quarrying decision makers of this bench.

Application of low frequency georadar antenna to fractures detection and 3D visualization in a new quarry bench

ELKARMOTY, MOHAMED MOHY MOHAMED SAAD;COLLA, CAMILLA;GABRIELLI, ELENA;BONDUA', STEFANO;BRUNO, ROBERTO
2016

Abstract

Quarrying of ornamental stone deposits produces huge amount of wastes due to rock mass fractures that entail economic losses. Fractures in rockmass affect the quality and the required commercial size of stones blocks or may lead to difficulty of exploitation. There are several fracture detection and characterization methods and choice of a method is controlled by the application objective. After a review of fractures detection methods, we introduced a classification based on destructive and non-destructive methods. Among these methods, the authors investigated ground penetrating radar (GPR) as a data acquisition tool. The objective of this research is to image large aperture fractures (2-3 cm) as deep as possible, in a case study in a sandstone quarry in Firenzuola, Italy. The data acquisition was carried out by low frequency GPR antenna (70 MHz) in a 3D survey grid (7 m x 12 m) over the bench surface. Due to the wet and fractured condition of the rock mass, a penetration depth of just 14 m was obtained. Wise data processing led to enhancing the signal. A processing software allowed visualizing the data in 3D GPR cuboid. Interpretation of the main fractures was performed through the entire body of the cuboid. Extension, shape and orientation of the main fracture surfaces could be explored to be then an aid for the quarrying decision makers of this bench.
Special issue of International Conference on Geosciences and Geophysics, 06-07 October 2016, Orlando, Florida, USA, in: Journal of Geology & Geophyscis
46
46
Elkarmoty, Mohamed; Colla, Camilla; Gabrielli, Elena; Bonduà, Stefano; Bruno, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/591738
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