Conventional detection of toxic contaminants on surfaces, in food, and in the environment takes time. Current analytical approaches to chemical detection can be of limited utility due to long detection times, high costs, and the need for a laboratory and trained personnel. A non-specific but easy, rapid, and inexpensive screening test can be useful to quickly classify a specimen as toxic or non toxic, so prompt appropriate measures can be taken, exactly where required. The bioluminescent bacteria-based tests meet all these characteristics. Bioluminescence methods are extremely attractive because of their high sensitivity, speed, ease of implementation, and statistical significance. They are usually sensitive enough to detect the majority of pollutants toxic to humans and mammals. This tutorial provides practical guidelines for isolating, cultivating, and exploiting marine bioluminescent bacteria as a simple and versatile analytical tool. Although mostly applied for aqueous phase sample and organic extracts, the test can also be conducted directly on soil and sediment samples so as to reflect the true toxicity due to the bioavailability fraction. Because tests can be performed with freeze-dried cell preparations, they could make a major contribution to field screening activity. They can be easily conducted in a mobile environmental laboratory and may be adaptable to miniaturized field instruments and field test kits.

The management and exploitation of naturally light-emitting bacteria as a flexible analytical tool: A tutorial

BOLELLI, LUCA;FERRI, ELIDA NORA;GIROTTI, STEFANO
2016

Abstract

Conventional detection of toxic contaminants on surfaces, in food, and in the environment takes time. Current analytical approaches to chemical detection can be of limited utility due to long detection times, high costs, and the need for a laboratory and trained personnel. A non-specific but easy, rapid, and inexpensive screening test can be useful to quickly classify a specimen as toxic or non toxic, so prompt appropriate measures can be taken, exactly where required. The bioluminescent bacteria-based tests meet all these characteristics. Bioluminescence methods are extremely attractive because of their high sensitivity, speed, ease of implementation, and statistical significance. They are usually sensitive enough to detect the majority of pollutants toxic to humans and mammals. This tutorial provides practical guidelines for isolating, cultivating, and exploiting marine bioluminescent bacteria as a simple and versatile analytical tool. Although mostly applied for aqueous phase sample and organic extracts, the test can also be conducted directly on soil and sediment samples so as to reflect the true toxicity due to the bioavailability fraction. Because tests can be performed with freeze-dried cell preparations, they could make a major contribution to field screening activity. They can be easily conducted in a mobile environmental laboratory and may be adaptable to miniaturized field instruments and field test kits.
Bolelli, Luca; Ferri, ELIDA NORA; Girotti, Stefano
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/591006
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact