Pulmonary hypertension (PH), defined as a mean pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) ≥25 mmHg, is a well-recognised complication of left heart disease (LHD). PH prevalence is variable ranging from 25% to 80% of LHD patients according to the methods of assessment, cut-off values and characteristics of the patient population [1–3]. All aetiological types of LHD are affected, including heart failure with reduced (HFrEF) or preserved (HFpEF) left ventricular ejection fraction, and valvular LHD. The presence of PH-LHD is associated with advanced symptoms, reduced exercise capacity and impaired outcome after medical, interventional or surgical therapy [1, 3, 4]. The relevance of PH-LHD is highlighted by the recognised epidemiological predominance of this condition, which represents the most common form among the five groups included in the PH clinical classification, accounting for 65–80% of the PH cases [1, 3, 5, 6]. PH-LHD is distinctively characterised by an increase of the pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP) >15 mmHg [5, 6], an accepted surrogate for left atrial pressure.

The difficult diagnosis of pulmonary vascular disease in heart failure / Galie', Nazzareno; Manes, Alessandra; Palazzini, Massimiliano. - In: EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL. - ISSN 0903-1936. - STAMPA. - 48:2(2016), pp. 311-314. [10.1183/13993003.00854-2016]

The difficult diagnosis of pulmonary vascular disease in heart failure

GALIE', NAZZARENO;MANES, ALESSANDRA;PALAZZINI, MASSIMILIANO
2016

Abstract

Pulmonary hypertension (PH), defined as a mean pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) ≥25 mmHg, is a well-recognised complication of left heart disease (LHD). PH prevalence is variable ranging from 25% to 80% of LHD patients according to the methods of assessment, cut-off values and characteristics of the patient population [1–3]. All aetiological types of LHD are affected, including heart failure with reduced (HFrEF) or preserved (HFpEF) left ventricular ejection fraction, and valvular LHD. The presence of PH-LHD is associated with advanced symptoms, reduced exercise capacity and impaired outcome after medical, interventional or surgical therapy [1, 3, 4]. The relevance of PH-LHD is highlighted by the recognised epidemiological predominance of this condition, which represents the most common form among the five groups included in the PH clinical classification, accounting for 65–80% of the PH cases [1, 3, 5, 6]. PH-LHD is distinctively characterised by an increase of the pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP) >15 mmHg [5, 6], an accepted surrogate for left atrial pressure.
2016
The difficult diagnosis of pulmonary vascular disease in heart failure / Galie', Nazzareno; Manes, Alessandra; Palazzini, Massimiliano. - In: EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL. - ISSN 0903-1936. - STAMPA. - 48:2(2016), pp. 311-314. [10.1183/13993003.00854-2016]
Galie', Nazzareno; Manes, Alessandra; Palazzini, Massimiliano
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/589962
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact