Background To report early and mid-term results of endovascular repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs) by using Cook Zenith fenestrated/branched endografts (FB-EVAR) in high surgical risk patients unfit for open repair (OR). Methods Between January 2012 and April 2015, all the patients with TAAA, considered at high surgical risk for OR and treated by Cook Zenith FB-EVAR, were prospectively enrolled. Patients were studied using a thoracoabdominal computer tomography angiography (CTA) and dedicated software for advanced vessels analysis. Follow-up was performed by duplex ultrasound (DU), contrast-enhanced DU, and/or CTA. Early end points were the following: technical success (TS), spinal cord ischemia (SCI), and 30-day morbidity/mortality. Follow-up end points were the following: survival, TAAA-related mortality, target visceral vessels (TVV) patency, type I/III endoleaks, and freedom from reinterventions (FFRs). Results Thirty patients (male 77%, mean age 73 ± 7 years, American Society of Anesthesiologists 3/4 60%/40%) affected by TAAA type I (4%), II (21%), III (57%), and IV (18%) were enrolled. The mean aneurysm diameter was 66 ± 14 mm. The overall number of TVV was 107 (3.5 ± 0.9 vessels/patients). Custom-made and off-the-shelf endografts were used in 22 (73%) and 8 (23%) cases, respectively. The procedure was performed in multiple steps in 23 cases (77%). There were not intraoperative mortality and type I–III endoleaks, and the TVV patency was 97% (104/107). TS was 87%.There were 2 irreversible paraplegias (6.6%) and 1 reversible paraparesis (3.4%). Postoperative cardiac and pulmonary complications occurred in 2 (6.6%) and 2 (6.6%) patients, respectively. Renal function worsening (≥30% of the baseline level) was detected in 4 cases (13%). The 30-day mortality was 6.6%. Survival at 6, 12, and 24 months was 90%, 85%, and 68%, respectively. There was no TAAA-related mortality. The TVV patency at 3, 6, and 24 months was 95%, 90%, and 90%, respectively, and there were no type I–III endoleaks. FFRs at 6, 12, and 24 months was 88%. Conclusion The endovascular repair of TAAA by using Cook Zenith fenestrated/branched endografts is feasible with acceptable technical and clinical results at early to mid-term results in patients at high surgical risk unfit for OR.

Endovascular Repair of Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm in High-Surgical Risk Patients: Fenestrated and Branched Endografts

GALLITTO, ENRICO;GARGIULO, MAURO;FREYRIE, ANTONIO;PINI, RODOLFO;MASCOLI, CHIARA;FAGGIOLI, GIANLUCA;ANCETTI, STEFANO;STELLA, ANDREA
2017

Abstract

Background To report early and mid-term results of endovascular repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs) by using Cook Zenith fenestrated/branched endografts (FB-EVAR) in high surgical risk patients unfit for open repair (OR). Methods Between January 2012 and April 2015, all the patients with TAAA, considered at high surgical risk for OR and treated by Cook Zenith FB-EVAR, were prospectively enrolled. Patients were studied using a thoracoabdominal computer tomography angiography (CTA) and dedicated software for advanced vessels analysis. Follow-up was performed by duplex ultrasound (DU), contrast-enhanced DU, and/or CTA. Early end points were the following: technical success (TS), spinal cord ischemia (SCI), and 30-day morbidity/mortality. Follow-up end points were the following: survival, TAAA-related mortality, target visceral vessels (TVV) patency, type I/III endoleaks, and freedom from reinterventions (FFRs). Results Thirty patients (male 77%, mean age 73 ± 7 years, American Society of Anesthesiologists 3/4 60%/40%) affected by TAAA type I (4%), II (21%), III (57%), and IV (18%) were enrolled. The mean aneurysm diameter was 66 ± 14 mm. The overall number of TVV was 107 (3.5 ± 0.9 vessels/patients). Custom-made and off-the-shelf endografts were used in 22 (73%) and 8 (23%) cases, respectively. The procedure was performed in multiple steps in 23 cases (77%). There were not intraoperative mortality and type I–III endoleaks, and the TVV patency was 97% (104/107). TS was 87%.There were 2 irreversible paraplegias (6.6%) and 1 reversible paraparesis (3.4%). Postoperative cardiac and pulmonary complications occurred in 2 (6.6%) and 2 (6.6%) patients, respectively. Renal function worsening (≥30% of the baseline level) was detected in 4 cases (13%). The 30-day mortality was 6.6%. Survival at 6, 12, and 24 months was 90%, 85%, and 68%, respectively. There was no TAAA-related mortality. The TVV patency at 3, 6, and 24 months was 95%, 90%, and 90%, respectively, and there were no type I–III endoleaks. FFRs at 6, 12, and 24 months was 88%. Conclusion The endovascular repair of TAAA by using Cook Zenith fenestrated/branched endografts is feasible with acceptable technical and clinical results at early to mid-term results in patients at high surgical risk unfit for OR.
Gallitto, Enrico; Gargiulo, Mauro; Freyrie, Antonio; Massoni, Claudio B.; Pini, Rodolfo; Mascoli, Chiara; Faggioli, Gianluca; Ancetti, Stefano; Stella, Andrea
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/588614
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