OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the micro-RNA (miRNA) expression profile in patients with early psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in order to assess the role of miRNAs as potential PsA biomarkers. METHODS: The expression of 723 mature miRNAs in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of early PsA patients in comparison with early-rheumatoid arthritis (ERA) patients and healthy controls (HC) was evaluated using a miRNA microarray. All patients had active disease and were naïve from treatment. The results were validated for a specific miRNA (miR-21-5p) in the entire series of patients plus an additional group of early PsA, ERA and HC using droplet digital PCR. RESULTS: In PsA, microarray analysis revealed a distinct pattern of 19 (vs. HC) and 48 (vs. ERA) deregulated miRNAs (p<0.05). The significant up-regulation of miR-21-5p both in early PsA and in ERA in comparison with HC was validated and confirmed. In PsA, miR-21-5p was found significantly down regulated after 12 weeks of therapy, which significantly correlated with the reduction of DAPSA score. CONCLUSIONS: In early PsA, a 19- (vs. HC) and 48- (vs. ERA) miRNA signature was identified. A differential expression of miRNAs in patients with active disease makes them attractive biomarkers of psoriatic disease. MiR-21-5p was found up-regulated both in early PsA and ERA, a finding which highlights its role in the inflammatory process in general and its potential role as a therapeutic target in different inflammatory disorders. A potential role of miR-21-5p as a response to treatment biomarker in early PsA has been identified.

Characterisation of peripheral blood mononuclear cell microRNA in early onset psoriatic arthritis

FERRACIN, MANUELA;
2017

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the micro-RNA (miRNA) expression profile in patients with early psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in order to assess the role of miRNAs as potential PsA biomarkers. METHODS: The expression of 723 mature miRNAs in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of early PsA patients in comparison with early-rheumatoid arthritis (ERA) patients and healthy controls (HC) was evaluated using a miRNA microarray. All patients had active disease and were naïve from treatment. The results were validated for a specific miRNA (miR-21-5p) in the entire series of patients plus an additional group of early PsA, ERA and HC using droplet digital PCR. RESULTS: In PsA, microarray analysis revealed a distinct pattern of 19 (vs. HC) and 48 (vs. ERA) deregulated miRNAs (p<0.05). The significant up-regulation of miR-21-5p both in early PsA and in ERA in comparison with HC was validated and confirmed. In PsA, miR-21-5p was found significantly down regulated after 12 weeks of therapy, which significantly correlated with the reduction of DAPSA score. CONCLUSIONS: In early PsA, a 19- (vs. HC) and 48- (vs. ERA) miRNA signature was identified. A differential expression of miRNAs in patients with active disease makes them attractive biomarkers of psoriatic disease. MiR-21-5p was found up-regulated both in early PsA and ERA, a finding which highlights its role in the inflammatory process in general and its potential role as a therapeutic target in different inflammatory disorders. A potential role of miR-21-5p as a response to treatment biomarker in early PsA has been identified.
Ciancio, Giovanni; Ferracin, Manuela; Saccenti, Elena; Bagnari, Valentina; Farina, Ilaria; Furini, Federica; Galuppi, Elisa; Zagatti, Barbara; Trotta, Francesco; Negrini, Massimo; Govoni, Marcello
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/588067
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