Background The aim of the study is to report early and follow-up outcomes of the endovascular treatment with iliac endografts for isolated iliac artery aneurysms (IIAAs). Methods Records of patients who underwent elective endovascular repair for IIAA (both primary and para-anastomotic) from 2005 to 2015 in 2 Italian centers were retrospectively examined. Demographic data, preoperative patient comorbidities, iliac aneurysm characteristics, contralateral iliac axis involvement, patency of hypogastric arteries and inferior mesenteric artery (IMA), and data of endovascular treatment were obtained for analysis. Early end points were technical success (TS), perioperative morbidity, clinical success (CS), freedom from reintervention (FFR) and survival. Follow-up end points were CS, FFR, survival, evolution of the aneurysmal sac, and endoleak (EL). Results Thirty-two IIAAs were treated through an endovascular approach in 30 patients (male 96.7%; mean age 74.2 years ± 7.6, range 55–86). Aneurysms were para-anastomotic in 11 (34.4%) cases. Mean diameter was 42.9 ± 15.6 mm (range 30–100). Twenty (62.5%) aneurysms involved exclusively the common iliac artery, 7 (21.9%) the hypogastric, and 5 (15.6%) both arteries. Ipsilateral hypogastric artery was stenotic or occluded in 4 (12.5%) and 1 (3.1%) patient, respectively. Contralateral hypogastric artery was occluded in 2 (6.3%) cases. IMA was patent in 9 (30%) patients. The ostium of the hypogastric artery was preserved in 5 cases (15.6%) and voluntarily covered in 27 (84.4%). Endovascular embolization of hypogastric artery was obtained with a plug device in 8 cases (25%). Hypogastric surgical revascularization was performed in 2 cases (6.3%). TS was 96.9%. Thirty-day morbidity was 6.3% (2/32). CS was 96.9% (1 endograft limb stenosis). Thirty-day FFR was 90.6% (1 transluminal angioplasty, 2 inguinal revisions). Thirty-day survival was 100%. At 1, 3, and 6 years, CS was 93.4%, 85.6%, and 85.6%, respectively (1 endograft limb thrombosis, 1 endograft limb stenosis, 1 hypogastric type II EL with sac enlargement). At 1, 3, and 6 years, FFR was 87.5%, 76.8%, and 76.8%, respectively (1 fibrinolytic therapy and stenting, 1 stenting, 1 surgical ligation of hypogastric artery). At 1, 3, and 6 years, survival was 100%, 96.3%, and 81.3%, respectively. No IIAA-related deaths were reported. During follow-up, aneurysmal diameter was unchanged in 12 cases (37.5%), decreased in 19 (59.4%), and increased in 1 (3.1%). Type II EL from hypogastric artery was detected in 3 cases (9.4%) and led to sac enlargement requiring surgical treatment in 1 case. Conclusions Endovascular treatment of isolated iliac aneurysm is safe and effective, providing that strict anatomical requirements are respected. Aneurysm embolization with vascular plugs was not associated with pelvic complications in this series. Endograft stenosis and thrombosis are the most frequent complications, which can be easily managed with endovascular approaches.

Perioperative and late outcomes after endovascular treatment for isolated iliac artery aneurysms

Massoni, Claudio Bianchini;FREYRIE, ANTONIO;GARGIULO, MAURO;MASCOLI, CHIARA;GALLITTO, ENRICO;FAGGIOLI, GIANLUCA;PINI, RODOLFO;Perini, Paolo;STELLA, ANDREA
2017

Abstract

Background The aim of the study is to report early and follow-up outcomes of the endovascular treatment with iliac endografts for isolated iliac artery aneurysms (IIAAs). Methods Records of patients who underwent elective endovascular repair for IIAA (both primary and para-anastomotic) from 2005 to 2015 in 2 Italian centers were retrospectively examined. Demographic data, preoperative patient comorbidities, iliac aneurysm characteristics, contralateral iliac axis involvement, patency of hypogastric arteries and inferior mesenteric artery (IMA), and data of endovascular treatment were obtained for analysis. Early end points were technical success (TS), perioperative morbidity, clinical success (CS), freedom from reintervention (FFR) and survival. Follow-up end points were CS, FFR, survival, evolution of the aneurysmal sac, and endoleak (EL). Results Thirty-two IIAAs were treated through an endovascular approach in 30 patients (male 96.7%; mean age 74.2 years ± 7.6, range 55–86). Aneurysms were para-anastomotic in 11 (34.4%) cases. Mean diameter was 42.9 ± 15.6 mm (range 30–100). Twenty (62.5%) aneurysms involved exclusively the common iliac artery, 7 (21.9%) the hypogastric, and 5 (15.6%) both arteries. Ipsilateral hypogastric artery was stenotic or occluded in 4 (12.5%) and 1 (3.1%) patient, respectively. Contralateral hypogastric artery was occluded in 2 (6.3%) cases. IMA was patent in 9 (30%) patients. The ostium of the hypogastric artery was preserved in 5 cases (15.6%) and voluntarily covered in 27 (84.4%). Endovascular embolization of hypogastric artery was obtained with a plug device in 8 cases (25%). Hypogastric surgical revascularization was performed in 2 cases (6.3%). TS was 96.9%. Thirty-day morbidity was 6.3% (2/32). CS was 96.9% (1 endograft limb stenosis). Thirty-day FFR was 90.6% (1 transluminal angioplasty, 2 inguinal revisions). Thirty-day survival was 100%. At 1, 3, and 6 years, CS was 93.4%, 85.6%, and 85.6%, respectively (1 endograft limb thrombosis, 1 endograft limb stenosis, 1 hypogastric type II EL with sac enlargement). At 1, 3, and 6 years, FFR was 87.5%, 76.8%, and 76.8%, respectively (1 fibrinolytic therapy and stenting, 1 stenting, 1 surgical ligation of hypogastric artery). At 1, 3, and 6 years, survival was 100%, 96.3%, and 81.3%, respectively. No IIAA-related deaths were reported. During follow-up, aneurysmal diameter was unchanged in 12 cases (37.5%), decreased in 19 (59.4%), and increased in 1 (3.1%). Type II EL from hypogastric artery was detected in 3 cases (9.4%) and led to sac enlargement requiring surgical treatment in 1 case. Conclusions Endovascular treatment of isolated iliac aneurysm is safe and effective, providing that strict anatomical requirements are respected. Aneurysm embolization with vascular plugs was not associated with pelvic complications in this series. Endograft stenosis and thrombosis are the most frequent complications, which can be easily managed with endovascular approaches.
Massoni, Claudio Bianchini; Freyrie, Antonio; Gargiulo, Mauro; Tecchio, Tiziano; Mascoli, Chiara; Gallitto, Enrico; Faggioli, Gianluca; Pini, Rodolfo; Azzarone, Matteo; Perini, Paolo; Stella, Andrea
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/587920
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