We developed a targeted liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for the site-specific quantification of lysine acetylation in the N-terminal region of histone H4 by combining chemical derivatization at the protein and peptide levels with digestion using chymotrypsin and trypsin. Unmodified ε-amino groups were first modified with propionic acid anhydride and the derivatized protein digested with trypsin and chymotrypsin. The newly formed peptide N-termini were subjected to a second derivatization step with d6- (heavy) or d0- (light) acetic acid anhydride. Samples were mixed at different ratios and peptides monitored by multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) LC-MS/MS. The method was validated in terms of linearity (R(2) ≥ 0.94), precision (RSD ≤ 10%), and accuracy (≤27%) and used to assess the effect of the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors SAHA and MS-275 in the murine macrophage-like cell line RAW 264.7. SAHA and MS-275 showed site-specific effects on the acetylation levels of K5 and K8 with the K5(Ac)-K8 and K5-K8(Ac) peptides increasing 2.5-fold and 5-fold upon treatment with SAHA and MS-275, respectively. Assessing lysine acetylation in a site-specific manner is important for gaining a better understanding of the effects of HDAC inhibitors and for clarifying disease mechanisms where lysine acetylation plays a role.

Site-specific quantification of lysine acetylation in the N-terminal tail of histone H4 using a double-labelling, targeted UHPLC MS/MS approach.

D'URZO, ANNALISA;ANDRISANO, VINCENZA;
2016

Abstract

We developed a targeted liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for the site-specific quantification of lysine acetylation in the N-terminal region of histone H4 by combining chemical derivatization at the protein and peptide levels with digestion using chymotrypsin and trypsin. Unmodified ε-amino groups were first modified with propionic acid anhydride and the derivatized protein digested with trypsin and chymotrypsin. The newly formed peptide N-termini were subjected to a second derivatization step with d6- (heavy) or d0- (light) acetic acid anhydride. Samples were mixed at different ratios and peptides monitored by multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) LC-MS/MS. The method was validated in terms of linearity (R(2) ≥ 0.94), precision (RSD ≤ 10%), and accuracy (≤27%) and used to assess the effect of the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors SAHA and MS-275 in the murine macrophage-like cell line RAW 264.7. SAHA and MS-275 showed site-specific effects on the acetylation levels of K5 and K8 with the K5(Ac)-K8 and K5-K8(Ac) peptides increasing 2.5-fold and 5-fold upon treatment with SAHA and MS-275, respectively. Assessing lysine acetylation in a site-specific manner is important for gaining a better understanding of the effects of HDAC inhibitors and for clarifying disease mechanisms where lysine acetylation plays a role.
D'Urzo, A; Boichenko, Ap; van den Bosch, T; Hermans, J; Dekker, F; Andrisano, V; Bischoff, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/586396
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