The impact of the increasing connection of distributed generation to medium voltage (MV) feeders, with particular reference to photovoltaic (PV) units, justifies the investigation on secondary voltage/VAR control (VVC) schemes able to improve the utilization of available control resources and to reduce reactive power flows. The paper deals with a secondary VVC scheme based on a distributed multi-agent approach that requires only the estimation of the reactive power flows between the buses where the PV units with reactive power control capability are connected. Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) are used to get the relevant information. In general, distributed control approaches are expected to work adequately even by using communication infrastructures with lower performances than those required by centralized approaches. The paper addresses such an issue by the analysis of the distributed VVC performance when a shared cellular network is used for the cooperative adjustment of PV inverters reactive power outputs and of tap positions of transformers equipped with on-load tap changers. The analysis is carried out by using a specifically developed ICT (Information and Communications Technology)- power co-simulation platform. It is shown that the VVC scheme has adequate performances also in the presence of significant levels of background traffic and data loss.

Synchrophasors-based Distributed Secondary Voltage/VAR Control via Cellular Network

BORGHETTI, ALBERTO;BOTTURA, RICCARDO;BARBIROLI, MARINA;NUCCI, CARLO ALBERTO
2017

Abstract

The impact of the increasing connection of distributed generation to medium voltage (MV) feeders, with particular reference to photovoltaic (PV) units, justifies the investigation on secondary voltage/VAR control (VVC) schemes able to improve the utilization of available control resources and to reduce reactive power flows. The paper deals with a secondary VVC scheme based on a distributed multi-agent approach that requires only the estimation of the reactive power flows between the buses where the PV units with reactive power control capability are connected. Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) are used to get the relevant information. In general, distributed control approaches are expected to work adequately even by using communication infrastructures with lower performances than those required by centralized approaches. The paper addresses such an issue by the analysis of the distributed VVC performance when a shared cellular network is used for the cooperative adjustment of PV inverters reactive power outputs and of tap positions of transformers equipped with on-load tap changers. The analysis is carried out by using a specifically developed ICT (Information and Communications Technology)- power co-simulation platform. It is shown that the VVC scheme has adequate performances also in the presence of significant levels of background traffic and data loss.
Borghetti, Alberto; Bottura, Riccardo; Barbiroli, Marina; Nucci, Carlo Alberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/586282
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