Recently it was noted that different IceCube datasets are not consistent with the same power law spectrum of the cosmic neutrinos: this is the IceCube spectral anomaly, that suggests that they observe a multicomponent spectrum. In this work, the main possibilities to enhance the description in terms of a single extragalactic neutrino component are examined. The hypothesis of a sizable contribution of Galactic high-energy neutrino events distributed as $E^-2.7$ [ApJ 826, 185 (2016)] is critically analyzed and its natural generalization is considered. The stability of the expectations is studied by introducing free parameters, motivated by theoretical considerations and observational facts. The upgraded model here examined has 1)~a Galactic component with different normalization and shape $E^- 2.4$; 2)~an extragalactic neutrino spectrum based on new data; 3)~a non-zero prompt component of atmospheric neutrinos. The two key predictions of the model concern the `high-energy starting events' collected from the Southern sky. The Galactic component produces a softer spectrum and a testable angular anisotropy. A second, radically different class of models, where the second component is instead isotropic, plausibly extragalactic and with a relatively soft spectrum, is disfavored instead by existing observations of muon neutrinos from the Northern sky and below few 100 TeV.

On the IceCube spectral anomaly / Palladino, Andrea; Spurio, Maurizio; Vissani, Francesco. - In: JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS. - ISSN 1475-7516. - STAMPA. - 2016:12(2016), pp. 045-045. [10.1088/1475-7516/2016/12/045]

On the IceCube spectral anomaly

SPURIO, MAURIZIO;
2016

Abstract

Recently it was noted that different IceCube datasets are not consistent with the same power law spectrum of the cosmic neutrinos: this is the IceCube spectral anomaly, that suggests that they observe a multicomponent spectrum. In this work, the main possibilities to enhance the description in terms of a single extragalactic neutrino component are examined. The hypothesis of a sizable contribution of Galactic high-energy neutrino events distributed as $E^-2.7$ [ApJ 826, 185 (2016)] is critically analyzed and its natural generalization is considered. The stability of the expectations is studied by introducing free parameters, motivated by theoretical considerations and observational facts. The upgraded model here examined has 1)~a Galactic component with different normalization and shape $E^- 2.4$; 2)~an extragalactic neutrino spectrum based on new data; 3)~a non-zero prompt component of atmospheric neutrinos. The two key predictions of the model concern the `high-energy starting events' collected from the Southern sky. The Galactic component produces a softer spectrum and a testable angular anisotropy. A second, radically different class of models, where the second component is instead isotropic, plausibly extragalactic and with a relatively soft spectrum, is disfavored instead by existing observations of muon neutrinos from the Northern sky and below few 100 TeV.
2016
On the IceCube spectral anomaly / Palladino, Andrea; Spurio, Maurizio; Vissani, Francesco. - In: JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS. - ISSN 1475-7516. - STAMPA. - 2016:12(2016), pp. 045-045. [10.1088/1475-7516/2016/12/045]
Palladino, Andrea; Spurio, Maurizio; Vissani, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/585679
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