Bombyx mori silk fibroin fibers were grafted with methacrylamide (MAA) and characterized by Raman and infrared (IR) vibrational spectroscopy before and after hydrolysis in NaOH 5% to elucidate the possible interactions between the two components and the stability of the fibers toward alkaline hydrolysis. Upon grafting, the fibers underwent conformational rearrangements toward a more unordered state and lost orientation at weight gains higher than 60%. Vibrational spectroscopy disclosed the occurrence of intermolecular interactions (mainly hydrogen bonds) between B. mori silk fibroin and polyMAA in the grafted fibers, and the formation of covalent bonds has been explored. These strong interactions made the grafted fibers as a whole more stable toward alkaline hydrolysis because they prevented the solubilization of the polymer upon hydrolysis and made slower the transformation of its CONH2 groups into COOH and COO− groups. Upon hydrolysis, silk fibroin underwent an enrichment in the β-sheet crystalline domains, because of the preferential removal of the unordered domains, which were more prone to the OH− attack. IR and Raman spectroscopy proved valid techniques to investigate the degradation mechanism and kinetics of grafted silk fibroin fibers and so for designing high-performing silk-based materials. The A731/A1004 Raman intensity ratio was proposed to spectroscopically evaluate the composition of the grafted samples; its value was found to linearly increase with weight gain (R2 = 0.998), envisaging the possibility of using Raman spectroscopy as a routine analytical technique for qualitative and quantitative characterization of grafted industrial samples. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Stability toward alkaline hydrolysis of B. mori silk fibroin grafted with methacrylamide

TADDEI, PAOLA;PAVONI, ELEONORA;
2016

Abstract

Bombyx mori silk fibroin fibers were grafted with methacrylamide (MAA) and characterized by Raman and infrared (IR) vibrational spectroscopy before and after hydrolysis in NaOH 5% to elucidate the possible interactions between the two components and the stability of the fibers toward alkaline hydrolysis. Upon grafting, the fibers underwent conformational rearrangements toward a more unordered state and lost orientation at weight gains higher than 60%. Vibrational spectroscopy disclosed the occurrence of intermolecular interactions (mainly hydrogen bonds) between B. mori silk fibroin and polyMAA in the grafted fibers, and the formation of covalent bonds has been explored. These strong interactions made the grafted fibers as a whole more stable toward alkaline hydrolysis because they prevented the solubilization of the polymer upon hydrolysis and made slower the transformation of its CONH2 groups into COOH and COO− groups. Upon hydrolysis, silk fibroin underwent an enrichment in the β-sheet crystalline domains, because of the preferential removal of the unordered domains, which were more prone to the OH− attack. IR and Raman spectroscopy proved valid techniques to investigate the degradation mechanism and kinetics of grafted silk fibroin fibers and so for designing high-performing silk-based materials. The A731/A1004 Raman intensity ratio was proposed to spectroscopically evaluate the composition of the grafted samples; its value was found to linearly increase with weight gain (R2 = 0.998), envisaging the possibility of using Raman spectroscopy as a routine analytical technique for qualitative and quantitative characterization of grafted industrial samples. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Taddei, Paola; Pavoni, Eleonora; Tsukada, Masuhiro
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/585107
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