In the last years, the growing demand of the energy market has led to the increasing penetration of renewable energy sources in order to achieve the primary energy supply. However, in the next years fossil fuels are expected to remain the dominant energy source, due to the forecasted increase of global energy consumption. In particular, the natural gas is predicted to still play a key role in the energy market, on account of its lower environmental impact than other fossil fuels. Natural gas is currently employed mainly as gaseous fuel for stationary energy generation, but also as liquefied fuel, as an alternative to the diesel fuel, in vehicular applications. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is currently produced in large plants directly located at the extraction sites. The aim of the study is the definition of an optimal small-scale production process for LNG, to be realized – in opposition to the current habit – directly at filling stations. With this purpose, two different LNG production layouts have been proposed and investigated within a thermodynamic analysis: starting from a Joule-Thompson LNG expansion process, a new layout with a turbo-expander has been proposed for the natural gas liquefaction. The carried-out simulations show that the new proposed solution allow to optimize the LNG production process and to minimize the process’ energy consumption.

Performance Increase of a Small-Scale Liquefied Natural Gas Production Process by Means of Turbo-Expander

ANCONA, MARIA ALESSANDRA;BIANCHI, MICHELE;BRANCHINI, LISA;DE PASCALE, ANDREA;MELINO, FRANCESCO
2017

Abstract

In the last years, the growing demand of the energy market has led to the increasing penetration of renewable energy sources in order to achieve the primary energy supply. However, in the next years fossil fuels are expected to remain the dominant energy source, due to the forecasted increase of global energy consumption. In particular, the natural gas is predicted to still play a key role in the energy market, on account of its lower environmental impact than other fossil fuels. Natural gas is currently employed mainly as gaseous fuel for stationary energy generation, but also as liquefied fuel, as an alternative to the diesel fuel, in vehicular applications. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is currently produced in large plants directly located at the extraction sites. The aim of the study is the definition of an optimal small-scale production process for LNG, to be realized – in opposition to the current habit – directly at filling stations. With this purpose, two different LNG production layouts have been proposed and investigated within a thermodynamic analysis: starting from a Joule-Thompson LNG expansion process, a new layout with a turbo-expander has been proposed for the natural gas liquefaction. The carried-out simulations show that the new proposed solution allow to optimize the LNG production process and to minimize the process’ energy consumption.
ENERGY PROCEDIA
Ancona, M.; Bianchi, M.; Branchini, L.; De Pascale, A.; Melino, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/583923
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