Aim of the present review is to summarize the current knowledge about the potential relationship between miRNAs and hepatitis B virus (HBV)-hepatitis C virus (HCV) related liver diseases. A systematic computerbased search of published articles, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis Statement, was performed to identify relevant studies on usefulness of serum/plasma/urine miRNAs, as noninvasive biomarkers for early detection of HBV and HCV-induced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development, as well as for its prognostic evaluation. The used Medical Subject Headings terms and keywords were: "HBV", "HCV", "hepatocellular carcinoma", "microRNAs", "miRNAs", "diagnosis", "prognosis", "therapy", "treatment". Some serum/plasma miRNAs, including miR-21, miR-122, mi-125a/b, miR-199a/b, miR-221, miR-222, miR-223, miR-224 might serve as biomarkers for early diagnosis/prognosis of HCC, but, to date, not definitive results or well-defined panels of miRNAs have been obtained. More well-designed studies, focusing on populations of different geographical areas and involving larger series of patients, should be carried out to improve our knowledge on the potential role of miRNAs for HCC early detection and prognosis.

MicroRNAs as possible biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of hepatitis b-and c-related-hepatocellularcarcinoma

FIORINO, SIRIO;BACCHI REGGIANI, MARIA LETIZIA;VISANI, MICHELA;ACQUAVIVA, GIORGIA;TURA, ANDREA;ZANELLO, MATTEO;MASTRANGELO, LAURA;LOMBARDI, RAFFAELE;DI TOMMASO, LUCA LUIGI;BONDI, ARRIGO;FABBRI, CARLO;LEANDRI, PAOLO;PESSION, ANNALISA;JOVINE, ELIO;DE BIASE, DARIO
2016

Abstract

Aim of the present review is to summarize the current knowledge about the potential relationship between miRNAs and hepatitis B virus (HBV)-hepatitis C virus (HCV) related liver diseases. A systematic computerbased search of published articles, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis Statement, was performed to identify relevant studies on usefulness of serum/plasma/urine miRNAs, as noninvasive biomarkers for early detection of HBV and HCV-induced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development, as well as for its prognostic evaluation. The used Medical Subject Headings terms and keywords were: "HBV", "HCV", "hepatocellular carcinoma", "microRNAs", "miRNAs", "diagnosis", "prognosis", "therapy", "treatment". Some serum/plasma miRNAs, including miR-21, miR-122, mi-125a/b, miR-199a/b, miR-221, miR-222, miR-223, miR-224 might serve as biomarkers for early diagnosis/prognosis of HCC, but, to date, not definitive results or well-defined panels of miRNAs have been obtained. More well-designed studies, focusing on populations of different geographical areas and involving larger series of patients, should be carried out to improve our knowledge on the potential role of miRNAs for HCC early detection and prognosis.
Fiorino, Sirio; BACCHI REGGIANI, MARIA LETIZIA; Visani, Michela; Acquaviva, Giorgia; Fornelli, Adele; Masetti, Michele; Tura, Andrea; Grizzi, Fabio; Zanello, Matteo; Mastrangelo, Laura; Lombardi, Raffaele; DI TOMMASO, LUCA LUIGI; Bondi, Arrigo; Sabbatani, Sergio; Domanico, Andrea; Fabbri, Carlo; Leandri, Paolo; Pession, Annalisa; Jovine, Elio; DE BIASE, Dario
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/580362
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