Purpose: An analysis of Italian spontaneous adverse drug reactions (ADR) reporting database highlighted a potential association between hypothermia and ibuprofen in children. Hypothermia is defined as a core body temperature of 35 °C (95 °F). Ibuprofen is the most prescribed NSAID for the treatment of fever and moderate pain in children. We aimed to analyze the cases of ibuprofen-associated hypothermia retrieved in the Italian database in order to contribute to the discussion on this potential association. Methods: We extracted all suspected cases of ibuprofen-associated hypothermia from the Italian spontaneous reporting database and from VigiBase up to December 2015. We considered the proportional reporting ratio (PRR) as a measure of disproportionality for the Italian cases and the information component (IC) for the reports from VigiBase. We performed a case-by-case analysis to exclude duplicates. Results: Nineteen cases of hypothermia associated with ibuprofen use were retrieved from the Italian spontaneous reporting database (PRR 19.8, CI 95 %, 12.0–32.9). The reports concerned ten females and nine males with an average age of 2.5 years. Up to 31 December 2015, 168 cases of hypothermia associated with ibuprofen were reported to VigiBase, with an IC of 2.05 (IC025, 1.82). Among these, 126 cases involved children (49 % males) with an average age of 4.4 years. Conclusions: Although the risk of this ADR is unknown so far, the widespread use of this drug recommends the need for further studies to better characterize this possible association. Clinicians and pharmacists but also parents should be aware that this risk is theoretical as not yet been confirmed.

Ibuprofen-associated hypothermia in children: analysis of the Italian spontaneous reporting database

DONATI, MONIA;MONACO, LUCA;MELIS, MAURO;BIAGI, CHIARA;VACCHERI, ALBERTO;MOTOLA, DOMENICO
2016

Abstract

Purpose: An analysis of Italian spontaneous adverse drug reactions (ADR) reporting database highlighted a potential association between hypothermia and ibuprofen in children. Hypothermia is defined as a core body temperature of 35 °C (95 °F). Ibuprofen is the most prescribed NSAID for the treatment of fever and moderate pain in children. We aimed to analyze the cases of ibuprofen-associated hypothermia retrieved in the Italian database in order to contribute to the discussion on this potential association. Methods: We extracted all suspected cases of ibuprofen-associated hypothermia from the Italian spontaneous reporting database and from VigiBase up to December 2015. We considered the proportional reporting ratio (PRR) as a measure of disproportionality for the Italian cases and the information component (IC) for the reports from VigiBase. We performed a case-by-case analysis to exclude duplicates. Results: Nineteen cases of hypothermia associated with ibuprofen use were retrieved from the Italian spontaneous reporting database (PRR 19.8, CI 95 %, 12.0–32.9). The reports concerned ten females and nine males with an average age of 2.5 years. Up to 31 December 2015, 168 cases of hypothermia associated with ibuprofen were reported to VigiBase, with an IC of 2.05 (IC025, 1.82). Among these, 126 cases involved children (49 % males) with an average age of 4.4 years. Conclusions: Although the risk of this ADR is unknown so far, the widespread use of this drug recommends the need for further studies to better characterize this possible association. Clinicians and pharmacists but also parents should be aware that this risk is theoretical as not yet been confirmed.
Donati, Monia; Monaco, Luca; Melis, Mauro; Sottosanti, Laura; Biagi, Chiara; Vaccheri, Alberto; Motola, Domenico
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/579925
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