A major limitation in the study of sleep breathing disorders in mouse models of pathology is the need to combine whole-body plethysmography (WBP) to measure respiration with electroencephalography/electromyography (EEG/EMG) to discriminate wake-sleep states. However, murine wake-sleep states may be discriminated from breathing and body movements registered by the WBP signal alone. Our goal was to compare the EEG/EMG-based and the WBP-based scoring of wake-sleep states of mice, and provide formal guidelines for the latter. EEG, EMG, blood pressure and WBP signals were simultaneously recorded from 20 mice. Wake-sleep states were scored based either on EEG/EMG or on WBP signals and sleep-dependent respiratory and cardiovascular estimates were calculated. We found that the overall agreement between the 2 methods was 90%, with a high Cohen's Kappa index (0.82). The inter-rater agreement between 2 experts and between 1 expert and 1 naïve sleep investigators gave similar results. Sleep-dependent respiratory and cardiovascular estimates did not depend on the scoring method. We show that non-invasive discrimination of the wake-sleep states of mice based on visual inspection of the WBP signal is accurate, reliable and reproducible. This work may set the stage for non-invasive high-throughput experiments evaluating sleep and breathing patterns on mouse models of pathophysiology.

Accurate discrimination of the wake-sleep states of mice using non-invasive whole-body plethysmography

BASTIANINI, STEFANO;ALVENTE, SARA;BERTEOTTI, CHIARA;LO MARTIRE, VIVIANA CARMEN;SILVANI, ALESSANDRO;VALLI, ALICE;ZOCCOLI, GIOVANNA;
2017

Abstract

A major limitation in the study of sleep breathing disorders in mouse models of pathology is the need to combine whole-body plethysmography (WBP) to measure respiration with electroencephalography/electromyography (EEG/EMG) to discriminate wake-sleep states. However, murine wake-sleep states may be discriminated from breathing and body movements registered by the WBP signal alone. Our goal was to compare the EEG/EMG-based and the WBP-based scoring of wake-sleep states of mice, and provide formal guidelines for the latter. EEG, EMG, blood pressure and WBP signals were simultaneously recorded from 20 mice. Wake-sleep states were scored based either on EEG/EMG or on WBP signals and sleep-dependent respiratory and cardiovascular estimates were calculated. We found that the overall agreement between the 2 methods was 90%, with a high Cohen's Kappa index (0.82). The inter-rater agreement between 2 experts and between 1 expert and 1 naïve sleep investigators gave similar results. Sleep-dependent respiratory and cardiovascular estimates did not depend on the scoring method. We show that non-invasive discrimination of the wake-sleep states of mice based on visual inspection of the WBP signal is accurate, reliable and reproducible. This work may set the stage for non-invasive high-throughput experiments evaluating sleep and breathing patterns on mouse models of pathophysiology.
Bastianini, Stefano; Alvente, Sara; Berteotti, Chiara; Lo Martire, Viviana; Silvani, Alessandro; Swoap, Steven J; Valli, Alice; Zoccoli, Giovanna; Cohen, Gary
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Bastianini2017_scirep.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipo: Versione (PDF) editoriale
Licenza: Licenza per Accesso Aperto. Creative Commons Attribuzione (CCBY)
Dimensione 1.04 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.04 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/578787
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 13
  • Scopus 23
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 23
social impact