Gamma radiation is a most efficient tool for sterilization, and especially effective on infesting pest, as it also kills the eggs. However, the large radiation doses entailed (tens of kilogray and up) might have adverse effects on desirable properties of wood. Of particular interest are the acoustic properties, as radiation would otherwise appear to be the perfect tool for the sterilization of musical instruments. The present investigation was aimed at determining the effects on acoustic and mechanical properties. Samples of four different wood species – poplar, oak, fir and maple – were prepared selecting wood completely free of visually detectable defects and subjected to incremental dose levels, reaching 25, 50, 100 and 200 kGy. A further set of samples were subjected to 200 kGy in one go, to investigate possible differences with incremental doses. Irradiation was conducted at an industrial irradiation facility, operating with a cobalt-60 source of the order of the megacurie. The mechanical tests were designed to measure the elastic modulus and the bending strength as well as force and displacement at rupture. Acoustic tests were developed specifically for this experiment, with the purpose of measuring the vibrational modes of the samples. All the samples exhibited discoloration and noticeable changes in properties: rigidity increased, load to rupture decreased, the material became more brittle and effects increased with increasing dose. The acoustic tests revealed a shift toward higher frequencies of all the vibrational modes, and this was exhibited for all wood species investigated. No meaningful difference was observed between the samples treated with incremental doses up to a total of 200 kGy and with a single 200 kGy dose.

A comprehensive investigation of mechanical and acoustic modifications in wood treated with high doses of gamma radiation for sterilization

TOSITTI, LAURA;BARBARESI, LUCA;LIVERANI, ALFREDO;MOSTACCI, DOMIZIANO
2016

Abstract

Gamma radiation is a most efficient tool for sterilization, and especially effective on infesting pest, as it also kills the eggs. However, the large radiation doses entailed (tens of kilogray and up) might have adverse effects on desirable properties of wood. Of particular interest are the acoustic properties, as radiation would otherwise appear to be the perfect tool for the sterilization of musical instruments. The present investigation was aimed at determining the effects on acoustic and mechanical properties. Samples of four different wood species – poplar, oak, fir and maple – were prepared selecting wood completely free of visually detectable defects and subjected to incremental dose levels, reaching 25, 50, 100 and 200 kGy. A further set of samples were subjected to 200 kGy in one go, to investigate possible differences with incremental doses. Irradiation was conducted at an industrial irradiation facility, operating with a cobalt-60 source of the order of the megacurie. The mechanical tests were designed to measure the elastic modulus and the bending strength as well as force and displacement at rupture. Acoustic tests were developed specifically for this experiment, with the purpose of measuring the vibrational modes of the samples. All the samples exhibited discoloration and noticeable changes in properties: rigidity increased, load to rupture decreased, the material became more brittle and effects increased with increasing dose. The acoustic tests revealed a shift toward higher frequencies of all the vibrational modes, and this was exhibited for all wood species investigated. No meaningful difference was observed between the samples treated with incremental doses up to a total of 200 kGy and with a single 200 kGy dose.
2016
Ricci, G.; Regazzi, R.; Tositti, L.; Barbaresi, L.; Liverani, A.; Mostacci, D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/574393
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