Metastasis is the most frequent cause of death among patients with osteosarcoma. We have previously demonstrated in independent experiments that the forced expression of L/B/K ALP and CD99 in U-2 OS osteosarcoma cell lines markedly reduces the metastatic ability of these cancer cells. This behavior makes these cell lines a useful model to assess the intersection of multiple and independent gene expression signatures concerning the biological problem of dissemination. With the aim to characterize a common transcriptional profile reflecting the essential features of metastatic behavior, we employed cDNA microarrays to compare the gene expression profiles of L/B/K ALP- and CD99-transfected osteosarcoma clones showing low metastatic ability with those of osteosarcoma cell lines showing contrasting behavior. Changes in gene expression were validated by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry in independent samples. In our study we identified several differentially expressed genes (GADD45alpha, VCP, DHX9, survivin, alpha-catulin, ARPC1B) related to growth arrest and apoptosis. Most of these genes are functionally related with the nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB cell survival pathway that appeared to be inhibited in the less malignant osteosarcoma cells. Hence, we propose the inhibition of the NF-kappaB pathway as a rational strategy for effective management of human osteosarcoma.

Apoptotic genes as potential markers of metastatic phenotype in human osteosarcoma cell lines.

ZUCCHINI, CINZIA;DE SANCTIS, PAOLA;CARINCI, PAOLO;SCOTLANDI, KATIA;VALVASSORI, LUISA
2008

Abstract

Metastasis is the most frequent cause of death among patients with osteosarcoma. We have previously demonstrated in independent experiments that the forced expression of L/B/K ALP and CD99 in U-2 OS osteosarcoma cell lines markedly reduces the metastatic ability of these cancer cells. This behavior makes these cell lines a useful model to assess the intersection of multiple and independent gene expression signatures concerning the biological problem of dissemination. With the aim to characterize a common transcriptional profile reflecting the essential features of metastatic behavior, we employed cDNA microarrays to compare the gene expression profiles of L/B/K ALP- and CD99-transfected osteosarcoma clones showing low metastatic ability with those of osteosarcoma cell lines showing contrasting behavior. Changes in gene expression were validated by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry in independent samples. In our study we identified several differentially expressed genes (GADD45alpha, VCP, DHX9, survivin, alpha-catulin, ARPC1B) related to growth arrest and apoptosis. Most of these genes are functionally related with the nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB cell survival pathway that appeared to be inhibited in the less malignant osteosarcoma cells. Hence, we propose the inhibition of the NF-kappaB pathway as a rational strategy for effective management of human osteosarcoma.
Zucchini C.; Rocchi A.; Manara M.C.; De Sanctis P.; Capanni C.; Bianchini M.; Carinci P.; Scotlandi K.; Valvassori L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/57370
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