In neutropenic patients, lungs are involved in 50%-80% of cases of fusariosis, but imaging of pulmonary fusariosis has been previously described as indistinguishable from other invasive mould diseases. Our attempt was to identify a radiological pattern that may distinguish pulmonary fusariosis from other mould diseases. We examined the CT findings of nine neutropenic haematology patients with invasive fusariosis. As control group for comparison, we examined 14 invasive mould diseases (11 aspergillosis, 3 mucormycosis) in haematology patients with similar underlying disease and timing of CT imaging. Chest-CT in invasive fusariosis showed small airways (7/9) or peribronchial (5/9) infiltrates, less frequently macronodular consolidations (4/9) with hypodense sign, but without halo sign or occluded-vessel sign. The control group presented macronodular consolidations with occluded-vessel sign in all of the cases; the halo and the hypodense signs were observed, respectively, in 100% and 82% of aspergillosis, and in 67% and 100% of mucormycosis. Sinusitis was documented by CT in 7/7 fusariosis, 2/2 mucormycosis and 5/7 aspergillosis; maxillary and ethmoid sinuses were involved in 7/7 fusariosis, in most of the cases with hyperdense opacification (rarely observed in the controls). We concluded that no radiological findings can discriminate between different mould infections, but invasive fusariosis should be suspected if chest-CT demonstrates pulmonary infiltrates with the hypodense sign, but without the halo or the occluded-vessel signs. Suspicion is greater in the presence of hyperdense maxillary and ethmoid sinusitis.

Radiologic findings of Fusarium pneumonia in neutropenic patients

SASSI, CLAUDIA;LEWIS, RUSSEL EDWARD;CAVO, MICHELE;BATTISTA, GIUSEPPE
In corso di stampa

Abstract

In neutropenic patients, lungs are involved in 50%-80% of cases of fusariosis, but imaging of pulmonary fusariosis has been previously described as indistinguishable from other invasive mould diseases. Our attempt was to identify a radiological pattern that may distinguish pulmonary fusariosis from other mould diseases. We examined the CT findings of nine neutropenic haematology patients with invasive fusariosis. As control group for comparison, we examined 14 invasive mould diseases (11 aspergillosis, 3 mucormycosis) in haematology patients with similar underlying disease and timing of CT imaging. Chest-CT in invasive fusariosis showed small airways (7/9) or peribronchial (5/9) infiltrates, less frequently macronodular consolidations (4/9) with hypodense sign, but without halo sign or occluded-vessel sign. The control group presented macronodular consolidations with occluded-vessel sign in all of the cases; the halo and the hypodense signs were observed, respectively, in 100% and 82% of aspergillosis, and in 67% and 100% of mucormycosis. Sinusitis was documented by CT in 7/7 fusariosis, 2/2 mucormycosis and 5/7 aspergillosis; maxillary and ethmoid sinuses were involved in 7/7 fusariosis, in most of the cases with hyperdense opacification (rarely observed in the controls). We concluded that no radiological findings can discriminate between different mould infections, but invasive fusariosis should be suspected if chest-CT demonstrates pulmonary infiltrates with the hypodense sign, but without the halo or the occluded-vessel signs. Suspicion is greater in the presence of hyperdense maxillary and ethmoid sinusitis.
Sassi, Claudia; Stanzani, Marta; Lewis, Russell E.; Vianelli, Nicola; Tarsi, Andrea; Poerio, Antonio; Cavo, Michele; Battista, Giuseppe
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/571578
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact