An electrochemical sensor based on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified by a thin film of hybrid copper cobalt hexacyanoferrate (Cu-CoHCF) was prepared and tested for the determination of three thiols: l-cysteine (CySH), l-glutathione (GSH) and 1,4-butanedithiol (BdSH). Cyclic voltammetry (CV) measurements were carried out with the as prepared and thermally treated chemically modified electrode (CME) in phosphate buffer solution from pH 2 to 7. From the CV measurements, it was concluded that at pH higher than 5, the Cu-CoHCF layer was unstable and underwent significant fouling when biased at a potential at which the three thiols were electrocatalically oxidized. Following the preliminary CVs chronoamperometric measurements were carried out to determine the optimum conditions to develop an analytical method for the determination of thiols. Cysteine showed the lowest limit of detection (7.5 × 10-7 M), but very low values were displayed also by GSH (2.5 × 10-6 M) and BdSH (2.0 × 10-6 M). The range of linearity extended up to 6.0 × 10-5 M for CySH, 9.0 × 10-5 M for GSH and 1.2 × 10-4 M for BdSH without significant fouling of the CME. The analytical method was applied to the determination of GSH in a nutraceutical purchased from the local market. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Electrocatalytic determination of thiols using hybrid Copper Cobalt Hexacyanoferrate modified glassy carbon electrode

SHARMA, VIVEK VISHAL;GUADAGNINI, LORELLA;GIORGETTI, MARCO;TONELLI, DOMENICA
2016

Abstract

An electrochemical sensor based on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified by a thin film of hybrid copper cobalt hexacyanoferrate (Cu-CoHCF) was prepared and tested for the determination of three thiols: l-cysteine (CySH), l-glutathione (GSH) and 1,4-butanedithiol (BdSH). Cyclic voltammetry (CV) measurements were carried out with the as prepared and thermally treated chemically modified electrode (CME) in phosphate buffer solution from pH 2 to 7. From the CV measurements, it was concluded that at pH higher than 5, the Cu-CoHCF layer was unstable and underwent significant fouling when biased at a potential at which the three thiols were electrocatalically oxidized. Following the preliminary CVs chronoamperometric measurements were carried out to determine the optimum conditions to develop an analytical method for the determination of thiols. Cysteine showed the lowest limit of detection (7.5 × 10-7 M), but very low values were displayed also by GSH (2.5 × 10-6 M) and BdSH (2.0 × 10-6 M). The range of linearity extended up to 6.0 × 10-5 M for CySH, 9.0 × 10-5 M for GSH and 1.2 × 10-4 M for BdSH without significant fouling of the CME. The analytical method was applied to the determination of GSH in a nutraceutical purchased from the local market. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Sharma, Vivek Vishal; Guadagnini, Lorella; Giorgetti, Marco; Tonelli, Domenica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/571560
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