Background The aim of this study was the detection of risk factors for lacunar strokes with visible lesions on computed tomography (CT) scan, considering in particular clinical characteristics, echocardiographic parameters, and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV, a marker of large-artery stiffness). Lacunar strokes with very small or nonvisible lesions may have different risk factors. Methods We examined 106 patients (mean age 66.9 ± 12.3 years, 60 men), including 55 patients with clinically lacunar stroke associated with deep ischemic lesions of.3-1.5 cm on brain CT scan, and 51 control patients with cortical ischemic stroke, with lesions of 2.5-10.0 cm. Results In multiple logistic regression, with respect to cortical strokes, the following variables were independently associated with lacunar strokes: tricuspid regurgitation velocity (inverse relationship, odds ratio [OR].13, 95% confidence interval [CI].04-.43, P =.0007, cutoff at 228 cm/s), mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) (OR 3.98, 95% CI 2.78-7.79, P =.008, cutoff at 145 mmHg), ever-smoker status (OR 2.68, 95% CI 1.06-6.80, P =.04), and atrial fibrillation (inverse relationship, OR.11, 95% CI.01-1.00, P =.0496). In univariate analysis, the patients with lacunar stroke also had a lower prevalence of mitral regurgitation. There were no differences between the 2 groups in relation to diabetes, cholesterol, left ventricular mass and dimensions, and PWV. Conclusions The patients with lacunar strokes with visible cerebral lesions on CT scan, compared with the patients with cortical infarct, had a lower tricuspid regurgitation velocity, a higher mean SBP, a greater prevalence of ever-smokers, and a lower prevalence of atrial fibrillation.

Risk factors for lacunar strokes with visible cerebral lesions on computed tomography scan

MUSCARI, ANTONIO;VERONESI, MADDALENA;BORGHI, CLAUDIO;ZOLI, MARCO
2016

Abstract

Background The aim of this study was the detection of risk factors for lacunar strokes with visible lesions on computed tomography (CT) scan, considering in particular clinical characteristics, echocardiographic parameters, and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV, a marker of large-artery stiffness). Lacunar strokes with very small or nonvisible lesions may have different risk factors. Methods We examined 106 patients (mean age 66.9 ± 12.3 years, 60 men), including 55 patients with clinically lacunar stroke associated with deep ischemic lesions of.3-1.5 cm on brain CT scan, and 51 control patients with cortical ischemic stroke, with lesions of 2.5-10.0 cm. Results In multiple logistic regression, with respect to cortical strokes, the following variables were independently associated with lacunar strokes: tricuspid regurgitation velocity (inverse relationship, odds ratio [OR].13, 95% confidence interval [CI].04-.43, P =.0007, cutoff at 228 cm/s), mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) (OR 3.98, 95% CI 2.78-7.79, P =.008, cutoff at 145 mmHg), ever-smoker status (OR 2.68, 95% CI 1.06-6.80, P =.04), and atrial fibrillation (inverse relationship, OR.11, 95% CI.01-1.00, P =.0496). In univariate analysis, the patients with lacunar stroke also had a lower prevalence of mitral regurgitation. There were no differences between the 2 groups in relation to diabetes, cholesterol, left ventricular mass and dimensions, and PWV. Conclusions The patients with lacunar strokes with visible cerebral lesions on CT scan, compared with the patients with cortical infarct, had a lower tricuspid regurgitation velocity, a higher mean SBP, a greater prevalence of ever-smokers, and a lower prevalence of atrial fibrillation.
Muscari, Antonio; Conte, Camilla; Degli Esposti, Daniela; Faccioli, Luca; Falcone, Roberta; Kolce, Besar; Marabini, Lisa; Puddu, Giovanni M.; Rosticci, Martina; Spinardi, Luca; Veronesi, Maddalena; Borghi, Claudio; Zoli, Marco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/566602
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