Objectives: The ultrasound investigation of carotid and vertebral arteries is routinely performed in stroke patients to determine the etiopathogenetic classification and possible need of revascularization. However, the medium and long-term prognostic implications of carotid and vertebral ultrasound in ischemic stroke patients are not yet known. Methods: This study included 309 ischemic stroke patients (mean age 76.3; 160 men). They all had undergone carotid and vertebral ultrasound (carotid stenoses were measured according to the European Carotid Surgery Trial [ECST] method). After a median interval of 9.4 months, a telephone follow-up was performed to determine their outcome. Dependency or death (modified Rankin scale-mRS >2) and all cause mortality were the study end-points. Results: At follow-up, 158 patients had a mRS >2. In multivariate analysis, of 13 variables univariately predictive of dependency or death, only National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score (P < 0.0001), age (P < 0.0001) and ipsi- or contralateral carotid stenosis ≥60% (O.R. 3.5, 95% C.I. 1.5–8.6, P = 0.006) remained associated with a mRS >2. Sixty-nine patients had died. In a Cox proportional hazards regression, of 10 variables univariately predictive of mortality, only NIHSS score (P < 0.0001), age (P = 0.003), total anterior circulation syndrome (P = 0.004), vertebral Doppler abnormalities (O.R. 2.2, 95% C.I. 1.3–3.6, P = 0.006), male sex (P = 0.02), and hypercholesterolemia (P = 0.04, inverse relationship) remained associated with mortality. Conclusions: In stroke patients, carotid stenoses ≥60%, ipsi- or contralateral to cerebral lesions, were associated with an increased medium and long-term probability of dependency or death, and abnormalities of vertebrobasilar flow were a significant indicator of death risk, independent of stroke severity and age.

Prognostic significance of carotid and vertebral ultrasound in ischemic stroke patients

MUSCARI, ANTONIO;Zorzi, Veronica;ZOLI, MARCO
2016

Abstract

Objectives: The ultrasound investigation of carotid and vertebral arteries is routinely performed in stroke patients to determine the etiopathogenetic classification and possible need of revascularization. However, the medium and long-term prognostic implications of carotid and vertebral ultrasound in ischemic stroke patients are not yet known. Methods: This study included 309 ischemic stroke patients (mean age 76.3; 160 men). They all had undergone carotid and vertebral ultrasound (carotid stenoses were measured according to the European Carotid Surgery Trial [ECST] method). After a median interval of 9.4 months, a telephone follow-up was performed to determine their outcome. Dependency or death (modified Rankin scale-mRS >2) and all cause mortality were the study end-points. Results: At follow-up, 158 patients had a mRS >2. In multivariate analysis, of 13 variables univariately predictive of dependency or death, only National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score (P < 0.0001), age (P < 0.0001) and ipsi- or contralateral carotid stenosis ≥60% (O.R. 3.5, 95% C.I. 1.5–8.6, P = 0.006) remained associated with a mRS >2. Sixty-nine patients had died. In a Cox proportional hazards regression, of 10 variables univariately predictive of mortality, only NIHSS score (P < 0.0001), age (P = 0.003), total anterior circulation syndrome (P = 0.004), vertebral Doppler abnormalities (O.R. 2.2, 95% C.I. 1.3–3.6, P = 0.006), male sex (P = 0.02), and hypercholesterolemia (P = 0.04, inverse relationship) remained associated with mortality. Conclusions: In stroke patients, carotid stenoses ≥60%, ipsi- or contralateral to cerebral lesions, were associated with an increased medium and long-term probability of dependency or death, and abnormalities of vertebrobasilar flow were a significant indicator of death risk, independent of stroke severity and age.
Muscari, Antonio; Bonfiglioli, Andrea; Magalotti, Donatella; Puddu, Giovanni M.; Zorzi, Veronica; Zoli, Marco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/566539
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