CD8+ T cells specific to caspase-cleaved antigens derived from apoptotic T cells represent a principal player in chronic immune activation. Here, we found that both apoptotic epitope-specific and hepatitis C virus (HCV)-specific CD8+ T cells were mostly confined within the effector memory (EM) or terminally differentiated EM CD45RA+ cell subsets expressing a dysfunctional T-helper 1-like signature program in chronic HCV infection. However, apoptotic epitope-specific CD8+ T cells produced tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin 2 at the intrahepatic level significantly more than HCV-specific CD8+ T cells, despite both populations expressing high levels of programmed death 1 receptor. Contextually, only apoptotic epitope-specific CD8+ T cells correlated with both interferon-stimulated gene levels in T cells and hepatic fibrosis score. Together, these data suggest that, compared with HCV-specific CD8+ T cells, apoptotic epitope-specific CD8+ T cells can better sustain chronic immune activation, owing to their capacity to produce tumor necrosis factor α, and exhibit greater resistance to inhibitory signals during chronic HCV infection.

Apoptotic epitope-specific CD8+ T cells and interferon signaling intersect in chronic Hepatitis C virus infection

GRAZI, GIAN LUCA;
2016

Abstract

CD8+ T cells specific to caspase-cleaved antigens derived from apoptotic T cells represent a principal player in chronic immune activation. Here, we found that both apoptotic epitope-specific and hepatitis C virus (HCV)-specific CD8+ T cells were mostly confined within the effector memory (EM) or terminally differentiated EM CD45RA+ cell subsets expressing a dysfunctional T-helper 1-like signature program in chronic HCV infection. However, apoptotic epitope-specific CD8+ T cells produced tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin 2 at the intrahepatic level significantly more than HCV-specific CD8+ T cells, despite both populations expressing high levels of programmed death 1 receptor. Contextually, only apoptotic epitope-specific CD8+ T cells correlated with both interferon-stimulated gene levels in T cells and hepatic fibrosis score. Together, these data suggest that, compared with HCV-specific CD8+ T cells, apoptotic epitope-specific CD8+ T cells can better sustain chronic immune activation, owing to their capacity to produce tumor necrosis factor α, and exhibit greater resistance to inhibitory signals during chronic HCV infection.
Martini, Helene; Citro, Alessandra; Martire, Carmela; D'Ettorre, Gabriella; Labbadia, Giancarlo; Accapezzato, Daniele; Piconese, Silvia; De Marzio, Paolo; Cavallari, Eugenio N.; Calvo, Ludovica; Rizzo, Fabiana; Severa, Martina; Coccia, Eliana M.; Grazi, Gian Luca; Di Filippo, Simona; Sidney, John; Vullo, Vincenzo; Sette, Alessandro; Barnaba, Vincenzo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/566282
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