Background and aims: Endophytic bacteria have been often studied as biological control agents of plant pathogens and many of their secondary metabolites involved in antagonism are Non Ribosomal Peptides (NRPs). In this study, the molecular basis of the biocontrol properties of the endophyte Pseudomonas synxantha, isolated from Actinidia chinensis, against Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa), the causal agent of bacterial kiwi canker, has been investigated. Methods: Antagonism-deficient mutants of P. synxantha strain DLS65 were generated by insertion of minitransposon mTn5-GNm in its genome. Southern blot analysis allowed the selection of single transposon insertion-mutants. Amplification of the transposon flanking regions by means of arbitrary and single primer PCR in selected mutants was perfomed to obtain amplicons for sequencing purposes. Results: Sequencing results of the amplicons obtained from three antagonism-deficient mutants led to the localization of the transposonin three genes, which implies their involvement in the antagonism of P. synxantha: an acyl-homoserine lactone acylase gene (pvdQ), a glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase gene (zwf) and an mbtH-like gene were identified. It is known from the literature that these three genes are involved directly or indirectly in NRPs synthesis. Conclusions: We suggest that a molecule with antibiotic properties, produced by NRP synthetases, contributes to the antagonistic activity of P. synxantha.

Molecular characterisation of an endophyte showing a strong antagonistic activity against Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae

GAGGIA, FRANCESCA;BAFFONI, LOREDANA;GIOVANARDI, DAVIDE;
2016

Abstract

Background and aims: Endophytic bacteria have been often studied as biological control agents of plant pathogens and many of their secondary metabolites involved in antagonism are Non Ribosomal Peptides (NRPs). In this study, the molecular basis of the biocontrol properties of the endophyte Pseudomonas synxantha, isolated from Actinidia chinensis, against Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa), the causal agent of bacterial kiwi canker, has been investigated. Methods: Antagonism-deficient mutants of P. synxantha strain DLS65 were generated by insertion of minitransposon mTn5-GNm in its genome. Southern blot analysis allowed the selection of single transposon insertion-mutants. Amplification of the transposon flanking regions by means of arbitrary and single primer PCR in selected mutants was perfomed to obtain amplicons for sequencing purposes. Results: Sequencing results of the amplicons obtained from three antagonism-deficient mutants led to the localization of the transposonin three genes, which implies their involvement in the antagonism of P. synxantha: an acyl-homoserine lactone acylase gene (pvdQ), a glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase gene (zwf) and an mbtH-like gene were identified. It is known from the literature that these three genes are involved directly or indirectly in NRPs synthesis. Conclusions: We suggest that a molecule with antibiotic properties, produced by NRP synthetases, contributes to the antagonistic activity of P. synxantha.
2016
Tontou, Rodanthi; Gaggia, Francesca; Baffoni, Loredana; Devescovi, Giulia; Venturi, Vittorio; Giovanardi, Davide; Stefani, Emilio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/564864
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