We consider an allograft-prosthesis composite in the proximal tibia one of the better reconstructive options in this site because it combines the mechanical stability of a prosthesis with the biologic reconstruction of the extensor mechanism. We retrospectively reviewed 62 patients who had proximal tibia reconstructions with allograft-prosthesis composites to ascertain the complications and functional outcomes. By combining an allograft with a prosthesis, placing cement in the graft, and press-fitting the prosthesis in the tibial diaphysis, we obtained satisfactory Musculoskeletal Tumor Society scores in 90.4% of patients, with a 5-year survival rate (73.4%) comparable to that of reconstruction with a modular prosthesis. However, we observed high infection rates (24.2%) and rotation of the medial gastrocnemius seemed not to reduce this complication. For this reason, we do not recommend using this reconstructive technique in patients who will receive postoperative chemotherapy or in patients in whom a previous reconstructive method failed. We believe the ideal candidate is the young patient with a benign aggressive or malignant low-grade tumor who has not undergone previous surgery. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. Each author certifies that he or she has no commercial associations (e.g., consultancies, stock, ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc.) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article. Each author certifies that his or her institution has approved the human protocol for this investigation and that all investigations were conducted in conformity with ethical principles of research.

Allograft-Prosthetic Composite in the Proximal Tibia After Bone Tumor Resection

DONATI, DAVIDE MARIA;MERCURI, MARIO
2008

Abstract

We consider an allograft-prosthesis composite in the proximal tibia one of the better reconstructive options in this site because it combines the mechanical stability of a prosthesis with the biologic reconstruction of the extensor mechanism. We retrospectively reviewed 62 patients who had proximal tibia reconstructions with allograft-prosthesis composites to ascertain the complications and functional outcomes. By combining an allograft with a prosthesis, placing cement in the graft, and press-fitting the prosthesis in the tibial diaphysis, we obtained satisfactory Musculoskeletal Tumor Society scores in 90.4% of patients, with a 5-year survival rate (73.4%) comparable to that of reconstruction with a modular prosthesis. However, we observed high infection rates (24.2%) and rotation of the medial gastrocnemius seemed not to reduce this complication. For this reason, we do not recommend using this reconstructive technique in patients who will receive postoperative chemotherapy or in patients in whom a previous reconstructive method failed. We believe the ideal candidate is the young patient with a benign aggressive or malignant low-grade tumor who has not undergone previous surgery. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. Each author certifies that he or she has no commercial associations (e.g., consultancies, stock, ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc.) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article. Each author certifies that his or her institution has approved the human protocol for this investigation and that all investigations were conducted in conformity with ethical principles of research.
D. Donati; M. Colangeli; S. Colangeli; C. Di Bella; M. Mercuri
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/55381
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 65
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 61
social impact