PURPOSE: Cu-ATSM is a very promising PET radiopharmaceutical for tumor imaging of hypoxia. One of the advantages of this compound compared with other hypoxia-avid tracers is the high tumor-to-background signal offered, which guaranties facilitated tumor delineation. This study analyzes optimal semiquantitative and quantitative parameters obtained by Cu-ATSM PET/CT in the same cohort of patients with special focus on their correlation to disease outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective recruitment of 18 consecutive patients (M:F, 13:5; mean age, 60.7 years) with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (n = 7) or head and neck cancer (HNC) was performed. Each participant received 105 to 500 MBq of tracer according to body size and was scanned in a 3-dimensional mode PET/CT 60 minutes after tracer injection. PET images were reconstructed and visualized on a GE Advanced 4.6 workstation for the definition of semiquantitative and quantitative parameters: SUVmax, SUVratio-to-muscle, hypoxic tumor volume (HTV), and hypoxic burden (HB = HTV × SUVmean). These data were subsequently correlated to disease outcome, expressed in terms of progression-free survival calculated on a follow-up period with a median of 14.6 months. RESULTS: All patients showed a moderately to highly increased uptake of Cu-ATSM in tumor lesions, with a mean SUVmax of 5.2 (range, 1.9-8.3) and mean SUVratio of 4.4 (range, 1.6-6.8). In addition, a broad range of HTV and HB was defined as mean values of 99.3 cm (range, 2.5-453.7 cm) and 301 (4.2-1134), respectively. Receiver operating characteristic analysis identified as reference cutoffs with respect to disease outcome with the following values: SUVmax >2.5 (AUC, 0.57; sensitivity, 88.9%; specificity, 50%), SUVratio ≤4.4 (AUC, 0.60; sensitivity, 50; specificity, 83.3%), HTV >160.7 cm (AUC, 0.61; sensitivity, 55.6%; specificity, 75%), and HB >160.7 (AUC, 0.67; sensitivity, 58.3%; specificity, 83.3%). In our cohort, HB showed a statistically significant difference in terms of mean values on the analysis of variance test with respect to disease progression (P = 0.04). On univariate analysis, Cox regression confirmed these findings and showed a significant correlation to progression-free survival for HB (P = 0.05) and HTV (P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: In our cohort, the definition of optimal semiquantitative and quantitative parameters on Cu-ATSM PET/CT seems feasible and in line with previously published data. However, when considering the prognostic role with respect to disease outcome, the more robust parameters are represented by HTV and HB.

Prognostic Evaluation of Disease Outcome in Solid Tumors Investigated With 64Cu-ATSM PET/CT / Lopci, E; Grassi, I; Rubello, D; Colletti, Pm; Cambioli, S; Gamboni, A; Salvi, F; Cicoria, G; Lodi, F; Dazzi, C; Mattioli, S; Fanti, S.. - In: CLINICAL NUCLEAR MEDICINE. - ISSN 0363-9762. - STAMPA. - 41:2(2016), pp. 87-92. [10.1097/RLU.0000000000001017]

Prognostic Evaluation of Disease Outcome in Solid Tumors Investigated With 64Cu-ATSM PET/CT.

LOPCI, EGESTA;GRASSI, ILARIA;CAMBIOLI, SILVIA;SALVI, FABRIZIO;CICORIA, GIANFRANCO;LODI, FILIPPO;MATTIOLI, SANDRO;FANTI, STEFANO
2016

Abstract

PURPOSE: Cu-ATSM is a very promising PET radiopharmaceutical for tumor imaging of hypoxia. One of the advantages of this compound compared with other hypoxia-avid tracers is the high tumor-to-background signal offered, which guaranties facilitated tumor delineation. This study analyzes optimal semiquantitative and quantitative parameters obtained by Cu-ATSM PET/CT in the same cohort of patients with special focus on their correlation to disease outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective recruitment of 18 consecutive patients (M:F, 13:5; mean age, 60.7 years) with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (n = 7) or head and neck cancer (HNC) was performed. Each participant received 105 to 500 MBq of tracer according to body size and was scanned in a 3-dimensional mode PET/CT 60 minutes after tracer injection. PET images were reconstructed and visualized on a GE Advanced 4.6 workstation for the definition of semiquantitative and quantitative parameters: SUVmax, SUVratio-to-muscle, hypoxic tumor volume (HTV), and hypoxic burden (HB = HTV × SUVmean). These data were subsequently correlated to disease outcome, expressed in terms of progression-free survival calculated on a follow-up period with a median of 14.6 months. RESULTS: All patients showed a moderately to highly increased uptake of Cu-ATSM in tumor lesions, with a mean SUVmax of 5.2 (range, 1.9-8.3) and mean SUVratio of 4.4 (range, 1.6-6.8). In addition, a broad range of HTV and HB was defined as mean values of 99.3 cm (range, 2.5-453.7 cm) and 301 (4.2-1134), respectively. Receiver operating characteristic analysis identified as reference cutoffs with respect to disease outcome with the following values: SUVmax >2.5 (AUC, 0.57; sensitivity, 88.9%; specificity, 50%), SUVratio ≤4.4 (AUC, 0.60; sensitivity, 50; specificity, 83.3%), HTV >160.7 cm (AUC, 0.61; sensitivity, 55.6%; specificity, 75%), and HB >160.7 (AUC, 0.67; sensitivity, 58.3%; specificity, 83.3%). In our cohort, HB showed a statistically significant difference in terms of mean values on the analysis of variance test with respect to disease progression (P = 0.04). On univariate analysis, Cox regression confirmed these findings and showed a significant correlation to progression-free survival for HB (P = 0.05) and HTV (P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: In our cohort, the definition of optimal semiquantitative and quantitative parameters on Cu-ATSM PET/CT seems feasible and in line with previously published data. However, when considering the prognostic role with respect to disease outcome, the more robust parameters are represented by HTV and HB.
2016
Prognostic Evaluation of Disease Outcome in Solid Tumors Investigated With 64Cu-ATSM PET/CT / Lopci, E; Grassi, I; Rubello, D; Colletti, Pm; Cambioli, S; Gamboni, A; Salvi, F; Cicoria, G; Lodi, F; Dazzi, C; Mattioli, S; Fanti, S.. - In: CLINICAL NUCLEAR MEDICINE. - ISSN 0363-9762. - STAMPA. - 41:2(2016), pp. 87-92. [10.1097/RLU.0000000000001017]
Lopci, E; Grassi, I; Rubello, D; Colletti, Pm; Cambioli, S; Gamboni, A; Salvi, F; Cicoria, G; Lodi, F; Dazzi, C; Mattioli, S; Fanti, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/546048
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