Objectives Acute aortic dissection is a catastrophic condition, for which emergency surgery is the mainstay of therapy. In approximately 70% of patients who survive surgery, a dissected distal aorta remains, posing a risk of late aneurysmal degeneration, rupture, and malperfusion, and secondary extensive interventions are often required. Methods In order to improve the long-term prognosis, a more extensive intervention, the frozen elephant trunk (FET) procedure, has been introduced. This involves the simultaneous replacement of the aortic arch and antegrade stenting of the descending thoracic aorta (DTA). Although FET is assumed to produce total thoracic aortic remodeling by inducing both coverage of secondary entry tears located in the proximal DTA and obliteration of the false lumen at the proximal DTA, its role in patients with acute dissection remains controversial mostly because of its technical complexity and increased risk of paraplegia. Results Data available in literature show that, after FET interventions, hospital death, stroke, and spinal cord injury occur in 10.0%, 4.8%, and 4.3% of patients with acute dissection, respectively. Available long-term data are sparse but suggest that aortic remodeling with partial or complete thrombosis of the persistent false lumen can be expected in approximately 90% of cases. Conclusions The FET technique is a promising approach in patients with acute dissection. Solid long-term data are warranted to validate the assumed short- and long-term benefits, but we believe that thoughtful patient selection criteria remain crucial.

Di Bartolomeo, R., Pantaleo, A., Berretta, P., Murana, G., Castrovinci, S., Cefarelli, M., et al. (2015). Frozen elephant trunk surgery in acute aortic dissection. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 149(2), S105-S109 [10.1016/j.jtcvs.2014.07.098].

Frozen elephant trunk surgery in acute aortic dissection

DI BARTOLOMEO, ROBERTO;PANTALEO, ANTONIO;BERRETTA, PAOLO;MURANA, GIACOMO;CASTROVINCI, SEBASTIANO;CEFARELLI, MARIANO;FOLESANI, GIANLUCA;DI EUSANIO, MARCO
2015

Abstract

Objectives Acute aortic dissection is a catastrophic condition, for which emergency surgery is the mainstay of therapy. In approximately 70% of patients who survive surgery, a dissected distal aorta remains, posing a risk of late aneurysmal degeneration, rupture, and malperfusion, and secondary extensive interventions are often required. Methods In order to improve the long-term prognosis, a more extensive intervention, the frozen elephant trunk (FET) procedure, has been introduced. This involves the simultaneous replacement of the aortic arch and antegrade stenting of the descending thoracic aorta (DTA). Although FET is assumed to produce total thoracic aortic remodeling by inducing both coverage of secondary entry tears located in the proximal DTA and obliteration of the false lumen at the proximal DTA, its role in patients with acute dissection remains controversial mostly because of its technical complexity and increased risk of paraplegia. Results Data available in literature show that, after FET interventions, hospital death, stroke, and spinal cord injury occur in 10.0%, 4.8%, and 4.3% of patients with acute dissection, respectively. Available long-term data are sparse but suggest that aortic remodeling with partial or complete thrombosis of the persistent false lumen can be expected in approximately 90% of cases. Conclusions The FET technique is a promising approach in patients with acute dissection. Solid long-term data are warranted to validate the assumed short- and long-term benefits, but we believe that thoughtful patient selection criteria remain crucial.
2015
Di Bartolomeo, R., Pantaleo, A., Berretta, P., Murana, G., Castrovinci, S., Cefarelli, M., et al. (2015). Frozen elephant trunk surgery in acute aortic dissection. JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 149(2), S105-S109 [10.1016/j.jtcvs.2014.07.098].
Di Bartolomeo, Roberto; Pantaleo, Antonio; Berretta, Paolo; Murana, Giacomo; Castrovinci, Sebastiano; Cefarelli, Mariano; Folesani, Gianluca; Di Eusanio, Marco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/545598
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