Mutagen sensitivity assay, by measuring chromosome damage induced by an in vitro treatment of peripheral lymphocytes with bleomycin, has been proposed as a biomarker for assessing cancer susceptibility. Recently, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP A1450G) of the gene for bleomycin hydrolase (BLHX), a specific neutral cysteine protease able to metabolise bleomycin, was proposed as a plausible candidate to variation in mutagen sensitivity. To shed more light on the effect of BLHX genotype on the expression of chromosome damage induced in vitro by bleomycin, we determined mutagen sensitivity for 45 non-smoker healthy volunteers. The level of bleomycin-induced chromosome damage was assessed as frequencies of micronuclei (MN) in cytokinesis-blocked lymphocytes. The subjects were genotyped for the BLHX gene, to determine the possible effect of this polymorphism on mutagen sensitivity. No difference in the spontaneous value of MN was detected between the homozygotes wild-type (A/A) and the carriers of variant alleles A/G heterozygotes or G/G homozygotes (MN/1000 binucleated (BN) cells: 6.69+/-2.53 and 6.37+/-4.87, respectively). A substantial effect of BLHX polymorphism in predetermining individual mutagen sensitivity status was observed: subjects with the BLHX A/A genotype displayed significantly lower mean levels of bleomycin-induced MN frequency than the carriers of A/G or G/G variant alleles combined (12.00+/-3.76MN/1000 BN vs. 16.37+/-8.86MN/1000 BN, respectively; P=0.029). The multiple regression analysis, including BLHX genotype and age, confirmed the significant effect of BLHX variant alleles (A/G, G/G) on the chromosome damage induced by bleomycin (P=0.01), whereas age correlated only with the spontaneous MN frequency.

Micronuclei frequency induced by bleomycin in human peripheral lymphocytes: Correlating BLHX polymorphism with mutagen sensitivity

MAFFEI, FRANCESCA;CARBONE, FABIO;ANGELINI, SABRINA;CANTELLI FORTI, GIORGIO;HRELIA, PATRIZIA
2008

Abstract

Mutagen sensitivity assay, by measuring chromosome damage induced by an in vitro treatment of peripheral lymphocytes with bleomycin, has been proposed as a biomarker for assessing cancer susceptibility. Recently, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP A1450G) of the gene for bleomycin hydrolase (BLHX), a specific neutral cysteine protease able to metabolise bleomycin, was proposed as a plausible candidate to variation in mutagen sensitivity. To shed more light on the effect of BLHX genotype on the expression of chromosome damage induced in vitro by bleomycin, we determined mutagen sensitivity for 45 non-smoker healthy volunteers. The level of bleomycin-induced chromosome damage was assessed as frequencies of micronuclei (MN) in cytokinesis-blocked lymphocytes. The subjects were genotyped for the BLHX gene, to determine the possible effect of this polymorphism on mutagen sensitivity. No difference in the spontaneous value of MN was detected between the homozygotes wild-type (A/A) and the carriers of variant alleles A/G heterozygotes or G/G homozygotes (MN/1000 binucleated (BN) cells: 6.69+/-2.53 and 6.37+/-4.87, respectively). A substantial effect of BLHX polymorphism in predetermining individual mutagen sensitivity status was observed: subjects with the BLHX A/A genotype displayed significantly lower mean levels of bleomycin-induced MN frequency than the carriers of A/G or G/G variant alleles combined (12.00+/-3.76MN/1000 BN vs. 16.37+/-8.86MN/1000 BN, respectively; P=0.029). The multiple regression analysis, including BLHX genotype and age, confirmed the significant effect of BLHX variant alleles (A/G, G/G) on the chromosome damage induced by bleomycin (P=0.01), whereas age correlated only with the spontaneous MN frequency.
MAFFEI F.; CARBONE F.; ANGELINI S.; CANTELLI FORTI G.; NORPPA H.; HRELIA P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/54550
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