Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in patients with end-stage liver disease and advanced cirrhosis regardless of the underlying cause. Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS), a functional form of kidney failure, is one of the many possible causes of AKI. HRS is potentially reversible but involves highly complex pathogenetic mechanisms and equally complex clinical and therapeutic management. Once HRS has developed, it has a very poor prognosis. This review focuses on the diagnostic approach to HRS and discusses the therapeutic protocols currently adopted in clinical practice.

Hepatorenal syndrome: Update on diagnosis and treatment

BARALDI, OLGA;Capelli, Irene;Angeletti, Andrea;PISCAGLIA, FABIO;LA MANNA, GAETANO
2015

Abstract

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in patients with end-stage liver disease and advanced cirrhosis regardless of the underlying cause. Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS), a functional form of kidney failure, is one of the many possible causes of AKI. HRS is potentially reversible but involves highly complex pathogenetic mechanisms and equally complex clinical and therapeutic management. Once HRS has developed, it has a very poor prognosis. This review focuses on the diagnostic approach to HRS and discusses the therapeutic protocols currently adopted in clinical practice.
Baraldi, Olga; Valentini, Chiara; Donati, Gabriele; Comai, Giorgia; Cuna, Vania; Capelli, Irene; Angelini, Maria Laura; Moretti, Maria Ilaria; Angeletti, Andrea; Piscaglia, Fabio; La Manna, Gaetano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/545066
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