We simulated for the first time the palaeogeographic evolution of three thin depositional sequences of the shallow marine western Palaeotethys, deposited in the Southern Alps (SA, Italy) during the devastating end-Permian extinction. The simulation is calibrated by a rich set of published field data measured in the uppermost Bellerophon Formation-Lowermost Werfen Fm. Data and palaeogeographic maps are located in the palinspastically restored SA area. The employed software is a preliminary version of SIMSAFADIM-CLASTIC, that simulates: a) the spatial distribution of terrigenous and clastic carbonate, b) the fossil cootent, c) the microbial content. The models (maps) were realized as a back-analysis, by calibration on the 3D architecture of real sedimentary sequences, particularly on the spatial distribution of terrigenous-clastic carbonate ratio. The simulation covers a period of about 70 kyr, whereas each sedimentary sequence corresponds to a time-span of 15-20 kyr; the low-stand tract spans 5-6 kyr. The models that best match reality was achieved by using a curve of sea level changes obtained empirically. The maximum sea level change is about a dozen metres, and the study area underwent local short periods of emersion, with soil or intertidal carbonates, followed by shallow marine, foreshore facies. This sea level change curve is likely to represent the global reference. We interpret the model results in light of the hypothesis that the curve of sea level change presented here could were produced by alternating global warming and cooling of the oceans. This curve, obtained by an independent method, would be utilized as an important constraint of the global atmospheric, coupled with oceanic circulation, numerical models. On the contrary, the disappearence of Permian-type taxa (fusulinids, foraminifers, bivalves and algae) pre-dating tbe P-T boundary does not match the field data because tbe software lacks a few specific functions; these biologie carbonate components seems to have beeen substituted by, for a still-unknown environmental cause, the production of oolites and carbonate of microbialitic origin.
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